## Introduction to Data Interpretation

#### Data Interpretation

Direction: Study the following table and answer the questions based on it : 1. In which year the difference between the total sales and the gross profit is the least?

1. As per the given above table , we have
∴ Net Profit = total sales - gross profit
Net Profit in 1990 = 54.2 lakhs
Net Profit in 1991 = 42.6 lakhs
Net Profit in 1992 = 38.9 lakhs
Net Profit in 1993 = 50.3 lakhs
Net Profit in 1994 = 65.8 lakhs

##### Correct Option: A

As per the given above table , we have
∴ Net Profit = total sales - gross profit
Net Profit in 1990 = 54.2 lakhs
Net Profit in 1991 = 42.6 lakhs
Net Profit in 1992 = 38.9 lakhs
Net Profit in 1993 = 50.3 lakhs
Net Profit in 1994 = 65.8 lakhs
From above it is clear that the difference between the total sales and the gross profit is the least in the year 1990.

Direction: Study the table carefully and answer the questions given below. 1. In which year the total production of scooters of all factories was 20% of the total production of scooters during 1985-1989?

1. On the basis of given table in question ,
Total production of scooters during 1985 - 1989 in thousands. = 115 + 108 + 149 + 102 + 101 = 575

 Now, 20% of 575 = 20 × 575 = 115 100

##### Correct Option: B

On the basis of given table in question ,
Total production of scooters during 1985 - 1989 in thousands. = 115 + 108 + 149 + 102 + 101 = 575

 Now, 20% of 575 = 20 × 575 = 115 100

It was in the year 1985.

1. In which year, the total production of scooters was maximum?

1. On the basis of given table in question ,
The total production of scooters in 1985 = 115
The total production of scooters in 1986 = 108
The total production of scooters in 1987 = 149
The total production of scooters in 1988 = 102
The total production of scooters in 1989 = 101

##### Correct Option: C

On the basis of given table in question ,
The total production of scooters in 1985 = 115
The total production of scooters in 1986 = 108
The total production of scooters in 1987 = 149
The total production of scooters in 1988 = 102
The total production of scooters in 1989 = 101
From above it is clear that it was maximum in the year 1987.

1. The ratio of the production of scooters by factory P to that by factory T in 1985 is

1. As per the given above table , we can see
The production of scooters by factory P in 1985 = 20
The production of scooters by factory T in 1985 = 40
Required ratio = The production of scooters by factory P in 1985 : The production of scooters by factory T in 1985

##### Correct Option: C

As per the given above table , we can see
The production of scooters by factory P in 1985 = 20
The production of scooters by factory T in 1985 = 40
Required ratio = The production of scooters by factory P in 1985 : The production of scooters by factory T in 1985

 Required ratio = 20 = 1 : 2 40

1. Which factory/factories showed a decrease of 25% in the production of scooters in 1989 as compared to 1988?

1. According to given table, we have
Company Q produced 20 thousands scooters in 1988 and 15 thousands in 1989. Clearly, a decrease of 25%. Similar is the case with company R also.

##### Correct Option: C

According to given table, we have
Company Q produced 20 thousands scooters in 1988 and 15 thousands in 1989. Clearly, a decrease of 25%. Similar is the case with company R also.
Thus , Q and R are required answer .