## Introduction to Data Interpretation

#### Data Interpretation

Direction: The following questions are based on the bar graph. Read the graph and answer the questions. 1. By what amount (in \$ million) has the expenditure increased over the period 1993-94 to 1997-98?

1. From the given bar diagram , we see
Total expenditure in 1997-98 = 8800 million
Total expenditure in 1993-94 = 5100 million
Required increase = Total expenditure in 1997-98 - Total expenditure in 1993-94

##### Correct Option: D

From the given bar diagram , we see
Total expenditure in 1997-98 = 8800 million
Total expenditure in 1993-94 = 5100 million
Required increase = Total expenditure in 1997-98 - Total expenditure in 1993-94
∴ Required increase = (8800 – 5100) million = 3700 million

1. In order to make a profit of 10%. What should have been the gross traffic receipts (in \$ million) in 1994-95, total expenditure remaining the same?

1. On the basis of given graph in question ,

 Profit percent = Gross Traffic profit - Total expenditure × 100 Gross Traffic profit

 ⇒ Total expenditure Gross Traffic profit

 = 1 - 10 = 0.9 100

##### Correct Option: C

On the basis of given graph in question ,

 Profit percent = Gross Traffic profit - Total expenditure × 100 Gross Traffic profit

 ⇒ Total expenditure Gross Traffic profit

 = 1 - 10 = 0.9 100

According to question,
Total expenditure = 5800
 ∴ Gross Traffic profit = 5800 = \$ 6444 million 0.9

1. In which year was the profit as a percentage of gross traffic receipts the highest?

1. From the given bar diagram , we see
In year 1997-98 ,
Gross Traffic Receipt = 9400
Total expenditure = 8800
Change = 9400 - 8800 = 600

 Profit percent of Gross Traffic Receipt = 600 × 100 = 6.38% 9400

In year 1995-1996 ,
Gross Traffic Receipt = 7500
Total expenditure = 5900
Change = 7500 - 5900 = 1600

##### Correct Option: C

From the given bar diagram , we see
In year 1997-98 ,
Gross Traffic Receipt = 9400
Total expenditure = 8800
Change = 9400 - 8800 = 600

 Profit percent of Gross Traffic Receipt = 600 × 100 = 6.38% 9400

In year 1995-1996 ,
Gross Traffic Receipt = 7500
Total expenditure = 5900
Change = 7500 - 5900 = 1600
 Profit percent of Gross Traffic Receipt = 1600 × 100 = 21.33% 7500

1. If profit » gross traffic receipts— total expenditure, then in 1996- 97, what percentage of gross traffic receipts is the profit made?

1. According to given bar graph , we have
Gross Traffic Receipt = 8500
Total expenditure = 8000
Profit in year 1996-97 = Gross Traffic Receipt – Total expenditure
Profit in year 1996-97 = 8500 – 8000 = 500
Therefore,

 Profit percent of Gross Traffic Receipt = Profit in year 1996-97 × 100 Gross Traffic Receipt

##### Correct Option: A

According to given bar graph , we have
Gross Traffic Receipt = 8500
Total expenditure = 8000
Profit in year 1996-97 = Gross Traffic Receipt – Total expenditure
Profit in year 1996-97 = 8500 – 8000 = 500
Therefore,

 Profit percent of Gross Traffic Receipt = Profit in year 1996-97 × 100 Gross Traffic Receipt

 Profit percent of Gross Traffic Receipt = 500 × 100 = 5.9% 8500

1. What is the percentage increase in the gross traffic receipts in 1995-96 as compared to 1993-94?

1. On the basis of given graph in question ,
The gross traffic receipts in 1995-96 = \$ 7500 million
The gross traffic receipts in 1993-94 = \$ 5300 million
Increase = 7500 - 5300 = \$ 2200 million

 Required percent increase = Increase × 100% The gross traffic receipts in 1993-94

##### Correct Option: B

On the basis of given graph in question ,
The gross traffic receipts in 1995-96 = \$ 7500 million
The gross traffic receipts in 1993-94 = \$ 5300 million
Increase = 7500 - 5300 = \$ 2200 million

 Required percent increase = Increase × 100% The gross traffic receipts in 1993-94

 Required percent increase = 7500 - 5300 × 100 = 41.5% 5300