Introduction to Data Interpretation
Direction: The bargraph given below shows the percentage distribution of total expenditures of a company under various expense heads during 2013. Study the graph and answer the given questions.
 If the total amount of expenditure of the company is N times the expenditure on research and development, then the value of N is

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On the basis of given graph in question ,
The expenditure on research and development = 5
The total amount of expenditure of the company = 20 + 12.5 + 15 + 10 + 5 + 20 + 17.5 = 100
Total expenditure = 5 × N∴ N = 100 = 20 5
Correct Option: C
On the basis of given graph in question ,
The expenditure on research and development = 5
The total amount of expenditure of the company = 20 + 12.5 + 15 + 10 + 5 + 20 + 17.5 = 100
Total expenditure = 5 × N
 If the expenditure on advertisement is 2.10 million, then the difference between the expenditures on transport and taxes is

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According to given bar graph , we have
Given , The expenditure on advertisement = 2.10 million
Percentage of the expenditure on advertisement = 15%
Percentage of the expenditure on taxes = 10%
Percentage of the expenditure on transport = 12.5%
Difference in percentage for expenditure on transport and taxes = 12.5 – 10 = 2.5%
∵ 15 % = $ 2.10 millionCorrect Option: B
According to given bar graph , we have
Given , The expenditure on advertisement = 2.10 million
Percentage of the expenditure on advertisement = 15%
Percentage of the expenditure on taxes = 10%
Percentage of the expenditure on transport = 12.5%
Difference in percentage for expenditure on transport and taxes = 12.5 – 10 = 2.5%
∵ 15 % = $ 2.10 million∴ 2.5% = 2.10 × 2.5 = $ 0.35 billion 15
Required answer = $ 35 million
 The ratio of the total expenditure on infrastructure and transport to the total expenditure on taxes and interest on loans is

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From the given bar diagram , we see
The total expenditure on infrastructure and transport = 20 + 12.5 = 32.5
The total expenditure on taxes and interest on loans = 10 + 17.5 = 27.5
Required ratio = The total expenditure on infrastructure and transport : The total expenditure on taxes and interest on loansCorrect Option: D
From the given bar diagram , we see
The total expenditure on infrastructure and transport = 20 + 12.5 = 32.5
The total expenditure on taxes and interest on loans = 10 + 17.5 = 27.5
Required ratio = The total expenditure on infrastructure and transport : The total expenditure on taxes and interest on loans
∴ Required ratio = 32.5 : 27.5 = 13 : 11
 The expenditure on the interest on loans is what percent more than the expenditure on transport?

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On the basis of given graph in question ,
The expenditure on the interest on loans = 17.5
The expenditure on transport = 12.5
Change in expenditure = 17.5  12.5 = 5Required percent = Change in expenditure × 100 The expenditure on transport Required percent = 5 × 100 12.5
Correct Option: D
On the basis of given graph in question ,
The expenditure on the interest on loans = 17.5
The expenditure on transport = 12.5
Change in expenditure = 17.5  12.5 = 5Required percent = Change in expenditure × 100 The expenditure on transport Required percent = 5 × 100 12.5 Required percent = 500 = 40% 12.5
Direction: The distribution of fruit consumption in a sample of 72 seventeen  year  old girls is given in the graph below. Study the graph and answer the questions.
 How many of these girls ate more than two servings but less than six servings per day?

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According to given bar graph , we have
Number of girls ate more than two servings but less than six servings per day are 10 , 8 and 5 .Correct Option: C
According to given bar graph , we have
Number of girls ate more than two servings but less than six servings per day are 10 , 8 and 5 .
So , Required number of girls = 10 + 8 + 5 = 23