Comprehension


Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Although Indians spend less money on allopathic medicines than people in most Asian Countries, more than 40,000 drug formulations are available here. All manufacturers are required by law to provide information about their product either on the packaging or in a pamphlet inside. But, in many cases, this information is very meagre and hard to understand. Many doctors, too do not tell their patients anything about the drugs they prescribe. What should we be concerned about when we take drugs ? There are two areas :
(1) Side effects. Many people taking a drug will notice an undesirable reaction, usually minor. But even the mildest drugs can do harm if taken improperly, long enough or in excessive doses. And everyone responds to a drug differently.
(2) Failure to follow directions. Many of us disobey prescription instructions on how much to take and when. It is easy to fall into thinking that more of the drug will speed up the healing. It is more common, however for people to stop taking a drug when they begin to feel better. This, too, can be dangerous.
What are the steps to be taken for safety?
(1) Take a drug only as recommended on the label or by the doctor.
(2) If you feel ill after taking a drug, check it with a doctor.
(3) Do not mix drugs .
(4) Check whether any food or activities are to be avoided.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
formulations : the act of creating/preparing something carefully
meagre : deficient in amount/quality/extent
side-effects : an extra and usually bad effect that a drug has on you
unintelligible : impossible to understand

  1. Which one of the following statements is true?









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    Indians use more than 40,000 allopathic drugs

    Correct Option: A

    Indians use more than 40,000 allopathic drugs


Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
India records the world's highest per-capita incidence of water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, typhoid and hepatitis, in spite of which concern for safe drinking water is still abysmally low even among educated Indians. This alarming indifference was borne out in a survey conducted by market research agency Research International Ltd. based on a study of 3,000 households spread across all major cities in India. The survey found that over 73 per cent of all households in the highest income categories (SEC A & B) drink tap water without boiling it and as many as 55 per cent of the same group drink tap water after filtration through a cloth, but without boiling. Though every school child knows that unboiled tap water contains unseen disease causing germs, and is unsafe to drink, the high level of indifference to boiling water will come as a surprise to many. Comments Dr. S.S. Narvekar, Deputy Director, Directorate of Health Services, Government of Maharashtra. " We regularly monitor water quality in all major urban centres in this State. During 1995 - 96, we found that 9,730 out of 159,233 samples of water were contaminated with disease causing organisms, representing a high 6.11 per cent of the total number of samples collected and analysed. This is an alarmingly high level of contamination considering that Maharashtra is one of the more developed states in India and it may be higher in other states. Also during late summer months when there is water scarcity, and during the monsoon season, contamination of drinking water is very high. Hence during these months it is doubly important to ensure drinking water is adequately sanitised."
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS water-borne: spread or carried by water. abysmally : very badly; terribly. borne out : showed that something/somebody is right/true.
incidence : the extent to which something happens/ has an effect
alarming : causing worry and fear
indifference : a lack of interest, feeling/reaction towards somebody/something
monitor :to watch and check something over a period of time
contaminated : a substance that is no longer pure
adequately : in a way that is enough in quantity/good enough in quality
sanitised : to clean something thoroughly using chemicals to remove bacteria

  1. According to the passage, unboiled tap water contains ___.









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    germs

    Correct Option: C

    germs



  1. There is a high level of ______ to boiling water.









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    indifference

    Correct Option: B

    indifference


  1. During rainy season, drinking water should be









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    sanitised

    Correct Option: B

    sanitised



  1. In the highest income categories, the number of people drink tap water without boiling it is









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    nearly three fourths of the households

    Correct Option: C

    nearly three fourths of the households