Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have three brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Passage
The heart is one of the most vital components of the human body. The heart of the human body has the continuous job to keep oxygen-rich blood flowing through the body. All the body’s cells need a constant supply of oxygen, particularly in the brain. The brain cells live only four to five minutes after the oxygen is cut off and death comes to the entire body. Heart disease can result from damage to the heart muscles, the valves or the pacemaker. If the muscle is damaged, the heart is unable to pump properly. If the valves are damaged, blood cannot flow normally. Dr. John Gibbon of U.S.A. developed a machine in 1953 that could take over temporarily from the heart. Surgeons had the chance to repair or replace a defective heart. Many patients have had plastic valves inserted in their hearts when their hearts were faulty. Many people are now being kept alive with tiny battery operated pacemakers.

  1. If the supply of oxygen is cut off, the brain cells survive









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    4 to 5 minutes

    Correct Option: D

    4 to 5 minutes


  1. All the body’s cells need a constant supply of









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    Oxygen

    Correct Option: C

    Oxygen



Direction: In the following questions, you have three brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Passage
Not all that glitters is gold. Not all that is white is milk. Not all people who wear saffron clothes are sages. These age-old sayings hold true even now, especially the last one. We see a lot of people wearing saffron clothes, but not all of them are sanyasis in the true sense of the word. A sanyasi is one who guides his followers on the right path. Recently, I attended the inaugural function of a home for destitute women in Mysore. In most cases, the women were there because they were either harassed by their inlaws or tortured by drunken husbands. Owing to their socioeconomic conditions, even the parents of the victims were unable to take them in and care for their hapless children. There had also been instances when young girls, lured by romance, had run away from their homes and had been deserted by their lovers after the honeymoon. These girls usually did not dare return to their parents. The saying that ‘success has many fathers, but failure has none’ is true indeed. We get to see only the distressed women and their children, while the main cause of their problems remains hidden in the background. So the victims cannot be blamed altogether. Often it is circumstances that force them into such drudgery. These women and girls need to be psychologically strong and determined to face difficulties with courage and go on with their lives.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) destitute (Adj.) : without money, food and the other things necessary for life
(2) hapless (Adj.) : not lucky; unfortunate
(3) lured (V.) : to persuade/trick somebody to go somewhere/to do something by promising them a reward
(4) deserted (Adj.) : left by a person/people who do not intend to return
(5) distressed (Adj.) : having problems caused by lack of money
(6) drudgery (N.) : hard boring work

  1. Success has many fathers but failure has none means









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    no one owns up to failure.

    Correct Option: C

    no one owns up to failure.


  1. Owing to their socio-economic conditions, even the parents of the victims were unable to help them because









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    they could afford to but were reluctant

    Correct Option: C

    they could afford to but were reluctant



  1. Wearing saffron clothes does not make one a sanyasi, is another way of saying









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    saffron must only be worn by true ascetics.

    Correct Option: D

    saffron must only be worn by true ascetics.