Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have a passage with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question, out of the four alternatives
PASSAGE
One of the main reasons of corruption in elections today is the lure of power which haunts the politicians so much that they feel no qualms of conscience in adopting any underhand method to come out successful. The Watergate Scandal in U.S.A. is an eloquent example to testify to the fact how even the top level politicians can stoop to the lowest level in order to maintain themselves in power. In India also the record of the various political parties is not clean. Corruption thrives in elections because those in the field play on the psychology of the electorate. The voters are swayed by the tall promises of the candidates to whose machinations they fall an easy prey. They are also susceptible to fall an easy prey to the adulations of the politicians due to their illiteracy. Besides, in the representative democracies, today and particularly in big countries the constituencies are quite extensive obviating the possibility of corrupt practices being discovered. Anti-corruption laws are honoured more in their breach than in their observance. Even the code of conduct to be observed by the parties fighting the elections becomes a dead letter in as much as it is jettisoned out of existence and thrown unscrupulously over board by the unfair politicians whose only aim is to maintain themselves in the saddle.

  1. To maintain themselves in the saddle means









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    to retain power in their hands by continuing in office.

    Correct Option: D

    to retain power in their hands by continuing in office.


  1. Which example of the U.S.A. testifies to the fact that even the top level people can stoop very low in order to maintain themselves in power?









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    the Watergate Scandal

    Correct Option: C

    the Watergate Scandal



Direction: In the following questions, you have a passage with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question, out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Dr. Ray D.Strand is of the opinion that, few would argue about the quality of our foods and its decline compared to foods of a generation or two ago. Hybrid grains, vegetables and fruits have increased in popularity. These hybrid seeds boast big, luscious products that are more resistant to diseases. The nutrient content of hybrids, however, is significantly less than that of their natural counterparts. The farmer is paid according to bushels per acre not for the quality of his produce. Agriculture too has become a demanding and politically charged industry. In spite of our need for nutrition, the bottom line is making a living, and hybrid produce makes it possible.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) luscious (Adj.) : delicious
(2) bushels (N.) : a unit for measuring grain and fruit (equal in volume to 8 gallons)
(3) bottom-line (N.) : the essential point

  1. The farmer is paid according to the ______ of his produce.









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    quantity

    Correct Option: C

    quantity


  1. The author is concerned about the









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    quality of food in todays’s world.

    Correct Option: B

    quality of food in todays’s world.



  1. Dr. Strand is of the opinion that agriculture has









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    become a demanding and politically charged industry

    Correct Option: D

    become a demanding and politically charged industry