Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have brief passages with 5/10 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
At low tide he walked over the sands to the headland and round the corner to the little bay facing the open sea. It was inaccessible by boat, because seams of rock jutted out and currents swirled round them treacherously. But you could walk there if you chose one of the lowest ebb tides that receded a very long way. You could not linger on the expedition, for once the tide was on the turn, it came in rapidly. For this reason very few people cared to explore the little bay fresh and unlittered, as it was completely covered by the sea at high tide. The cave inviting, looked mysteriously dark, cool and inviting, and he penetrated to the farthest corner where he discoveredawide crack, rather like a chimney. He peered up and thought he could see a patch of daylight.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) headland (N.) : a narrow piece of high land that sticks out from the coast into the sea
(2) bay (N.) : a part of the sea/a lake, partly surrounded by a wide curve of the land
(3) inaccessible (Adj.) : difficult/impossible to reach/ get
(4) treacherously (Adv.) : in a dangerous way
(5)ebb tide (N.) : the period of time when the sea flows away from the land
(6) receded (V.) : to gradually move away
(7) linger (V.) : to continue to exist for longer than expected
(8) expedition (N.) : an organized journey
(9) unlittered (Adj.) : tidy
(10) high tide (N.) : the time when the sea has risen to its highest level
(11) sprightly (Adj.) : in a lively, animated manner

  1. According to the writer, the bay could not be reached by boat because









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    there were seams of rock and treacherously swirling currents

    Correct Option: D

    there were seams of rock and treacherously swirling currents


Direction: In the following questions, you have brief passages with 5/10 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
We all know that Eskimos have 50 different words for ‘snow’. Or is it 500 ? Anyway, an awful lot. It is one of those interesting little facts that says something about the amazing ingenuity of humans. Whereas we see snow, the Eskimos perceive an endlessly varying realm of white textures and possibilities. Except that is not true. Talk to the average Eskimo and you’ll find he has about the same number of words for snow as we do. I discovered this when I took a sledge-dog team through the Russian Arctic and asked the locals. And it gets worse: the Eskimo-Inuit do not live in igloos. They do not even rub their noses together! Hearing this I began wondering what other myths surround the world’s far-flung places. Shelters made out of snow are indeed constructed and fashioned from snowy bricks, just as we like to imagine. Except the Eskimo-Inuit rarely lived in them for long periods and disappointingly, the elders that I met had never heard of them. In truth, these are coastal people who traditionally foraged for driftwood, whalebones, stones and turf to construct their camps, saving snow-houses for hunting excursions or migrations. Chameleons also attract numerous myths. While many of them change colour, this is often less to do with camouflage and more to do with their mood and temperature. A chameleon might, if too cold, turn a darker shade to absorb more heat. Or it might turn a lighter colour to reflect the sun and so cool down. Moreover, chameleons often change colour as a signalling device -some such as the panther chameleon, transform into a vivid orange to scare off predators, while others flash bright colours to attract a mate. The brighter the colour a mate is able to display, the more dominant. Thus the act of standing out can be more important than that of blending in.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) ingenuity (N.) : the ability to invent things/solve problems in clever, new ways
(2) perceive (V.) : see
(3) realm (N.) : an area
(4) foraged (V.) : to search for something
(5)driftwood (N.) : wood that the sea carries up onto land, or that floats on the water
(6) turf (N.) : short grass and the surface layer of soil that is held together by its roots
(7) camouflage (N.) : the way in which an animal’s colour/shape matches its surroundings and makes it difficult to see
(8) predators (N.) : an animal that kills and eats other animals
(9) stand out (Phr.V.) : to be easily seen
(10) blend in (Phr. V.) : to match well with something

  1. A male chameleon is believed to be more dominant if









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    if he displays flashing bright colours

    Correct Option: D

    if he displays flashing bright colours


  1. A chameleon warms itself by









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    turning a darker colour to absorb more heat

    Correct Option: B

    turning a darker colour to absorb more heat


  1. The changing colour of a chameleon is more to do with









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    mood and temperature

    Correct Option: B

    mood and temperature


  1. The author discovered that









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    snow houses are reserved for hunting migrations

    Correct Option: C

    snow houses are reserved for hunting migrations