Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
It is sad that in country after country, progress should become synonymous with an assault on nature. We who are a part of nature and dependent on her for every need, speak constantly about ‘exploiting’ nature. When the highest mountain in the world was climbed in 1953, Jawaharlal Nehru objected to the phrase ‘conquest of Everest’ which he thought was arrogant. Is it surprising that this lack of consideration and the constant need to prove one’s superiority should be projected on to our treatment of our fellowmen ? I remember Edward Thompson, a British writer and a good friend of India, once telling Mr. Gandhi that wildlife was fast disappearing. Remarked Mr. Gandhi : ‘It is decreasing in the jungles but it is increasing in the towns !’ On the one hand the rich look askance at our continuing poverty; on the other they warn us against their own methods. We do not wish to impoverish the environment any further and yet we cannot forget the grim poverty of large numbers of people. Area not poverty and need the great polluters ? For instance, unless we are in a position to provide employment and purchasing power for the daily necessities of the tribal people and those who live in and around our jungles, we cannot prevent them from combing the forest for food and livelihood, from poaching and from despoiling the vegetation.

  1. At the beginning of the passage, the writer expresses her opinion that in many countries progress is synonymous with









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    utmost cruelty to nature.

    Correct Option: D

    utmost cruelty to nature.


Direction: In the following questions, you have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
As I stepped out of the train I felt unusually solitary since I was the only passenger to alight. I was accustomed to arriving in the summer, when holidaymakers throng coastal resorts and this was my first visit when the season was over.My destination was a little village which was eight miles by road. It took only a few minutes for me to come to the foot of the cliff path, When I reached the top I had left all signs of habitation behind me. I was surprised to notice that the sky was already aflame with the sunset. It seemed to be getting dark amazingly quickly. I was at a loss to account for the exceptionally early end of daylight since I did not think I had walked unduly slowly. Then I recollected that on previous visits I had walked in high summer and now it was October. All at once it was night. The track was grassy and even in daylight showed up hardly at all. I was terrified of hurting over the edge of the cliff to the rocks below. I felt my feet squelching and sticking in something soggy. Then I bumped into a little clump of trees that loomed up in front of me. I climbed up the nearest trunk and managed to find a tolerably comfortable fork to sit on. The waiting was spent by my attempts to identify the little stirrings and noises of animal life that I could hear. I grew colder and colder and managed to sleep only in uneasy fitful starts. At last when the moon came up I was on my again.

  1. When he settled himself on the fork of the tree the writer____









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    tried to sleep but without much success.

    Correct Option: D

    tried to sleep but without much success.



  1. The writer found it difficult to keep to the path because of









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    poor visibility and grassy track.

    Correct Option: B

    poor visibility and grassy track.


  1. It became darker than the writer expected because









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    the nights are longer in October than mid-summer.

    Correct Option: B

    the nights are longer in October than mid-summer.



  1. I left all signs of habitation behind me. This means that he









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    had come very far from places where people lived.

    Correct Option: C

    had come very far from places where people lived.