Comprehension


Direction: You have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
“The beauty of the Japanese landscape is that it conveys philosophical messages through each feature. The use of curving pathways rather than straight lines, for instance. This feature springs from the belief that only evil travels in straight lines, good forces tend to wander. Then, odd numbers of plants or trees are used in these gardens because these numbers are considered auspicious. Even the plants used are symbolic. For example, the cyprus represents longevity and the bamboo symbolises abundance,” says Sadhana Roy Choudhary. In Japan, nature is said to be so closely intertwined with human life that parents actually plant a sapling in their garden when a child is born in the family, letting the growth of the child coincide with the growth of the plant.

  1. They prefer curving pathways because









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    good spirits walk on them

    Correct Option: D

    good spirits walk on them


Direction: You have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
From the world of magic, hypnosis is moving into the world of medicine, from hocus-pocus performed by men in black capes, to hypnotherapy practised by doctors in white coats. The purpose is to help people stop smoking, lose weight, overcome phobias, and control pain in a variety of medical situations, from childbirth to cancer. Research laboratories are currently checking out the success rate of therapy under hypnosis, while medical journals stand by to publish the results. And the important thing is, nobody is laughing. In the 1840’s, a British doctor in Calcutta created a controversy by performing over 1000 operations with hypnosis as the only anaesthesia. During the World Wars, German and British doctors used hypnosis to treat war neuroses.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
hypnosis : an unconscious state in which somebody can still see and hear and can be influenced to follow commands or answer questions.
hocus-pocus :language/behaviour that is nonsense and is intended to hide the truth from people.
capes : loose outer piece of clothing that has no sleeves, fastens at the neck and hangs from the shoulders, like a cloak but shorter.
hypnotherapy : a kind of treatment that uses Hypnosis to help with physical or emotional problems.
anaesthesia : the state of being unable to feel anything, especially pain.
trance : a state in which somebody seems to be asleep but is aware of what is said to him.
phobia : a strong unreasonable fear of something

  1. Treating war neurosis means









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    curing war anxiety

    Correct Option: D

    curing war anxiety


  1. German and British doctors used hypnosis as









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    it was a substitute for anaesthesia

    Correct Option: C

    it was a substitute for anaesthesia


  1. The purpose of hypnotherapy is to









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    make life easier

    Correct Option: B

    make life easier


  1. Nobody is laughing at hypnotherapy now, because they are









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    taking it seriously

    Correct Option: C

    taking it seriously