Comprehension


Direction: Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
The most logical and intelligent people seem to go berserk when talking about snakes. Recently a reputed scientist said with a wise look in his eyes that sand boas have two heads. The other day someone walked into my office and stated that in his village at least cobras mate with rat snakes. About other places he was not sure, he added modestly, but that was how it was in his village. These stories about snakes are myths. Sand boas have only one head; vine snakes do not peck your eyes out; no snake will drink milk. But it is interesting to try and trace the origin of these untruths. The one about the sand boas two heads obviously exists because the short, stumpy tail of this snake looks remarkably like the head, an effective device to fool predators. Or take the one about vine snakes pecking at eyes. It was ‘probably started by a vine snake that had a bad aim, as snakes, when provoked, will bite the most prominent projection of the offender, which is usually the nose. But the most interesting one is about snakes coming to the scene of killing to take revenge. It so happens that when injured or under stress, a snake exudes, a large quantity of musk. Musk is a powerful sex attractant, the snakes’ equivalent of after-shave lotion. So after a snake is killed, the ground around still has this smell and naturally a snake of the same species passing by will lick its lips and come to investigate. The killer of the snake, who is probably worried if the pooja he performed was adequate to liquidate the killing of a snake, sees the second snake and is convinced that it was not. The Irula tribals have a good answer to the query about whether cobras have jewels in their heads; “If they did, we wouldn’t be snake catchers, we would be rajas!”
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
berserk :very angry : very excited predators : animals that kill other animals.
excudes : comes out
attractant : a substance that attracts something, especially an animal.
liquidate : to pay a debt/loan.

  1. Which of the following statement is true?









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    The sand boas have a head and a stumpy tail

    Correct Option: C

    The sand boas have a head and a stumpy tail


Direction: You have a passage with 10 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Long ago men spent most of their time looking for food. They ate anything they could find. Some lived mostly on plants. They ate the fruit, stems, and leaves of some plants and the roots of others. When food was scarce, they ate the bark of trees. If they were lucky, they would find a bird’s nest with eggs. People who lived near the water ate fish or anything that washed ashore, even rotten whales. Some people also ate insects and small animals like lizards that were easy to kill. Later, men learned to make weapons. With weapons, they could kill larger animals for meat. These early people had big appetites. If they killed an animal, they would drink the blood, eat the meat, and chew the bones. When they finished the meal, there was nothing left. At first men wandered from place to place to find their food. But when they began to grow plants, they stayed in one place and ate what they could grow. They tamed animals, trained them to work, and killed them for meat. Life was a little better then, but there was still not much variety in their meals. Day after day people ate the same food. Gradually men began to travel greater distances. The explorers who sailed unknown seas found new lands. And in these lands they found new food and spices and took them back home. The Portuguese who sailed around the stormy Cape of Good Hope to reach China took back “Chinese apples”, the fruit we call oranges today. Later, Portuguese colonists carried orange seeds to Brazil. From Brazil oranges were brought to California, the first place to grow oranges in the United States. Peaches and melons also came from China. So did a new drink, tea.

  1. Which of the following titles best expresses the main idea of the passage?









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    The Search for Food

    Correct Option: B

    The Search for Food


  1. What does the word stormy in the expression the stormy Cape of Good Hope mean?









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    Rough

    Correct Option: D

    Rough


  1. Which word in the passage means the main axis of a plant that bears buds and shoots?









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    Stems

    Correct Option: B

    Stems


  1. At first men wandered from place to place to find their food. Then some of them began to stay in one place. Why?









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    Because they began to grow plants, and ate what they could grow

    Correct Option: A

    Because they began to grow plants, and ate what they could grow