Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have a brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
True, it is the function of the army to maintain law and order in abnormal times. But in normal times there is another force that compels citizens to obey laws and to act with due regard to the rights of others. The force also protects the lives and properties of law-abiding men. Laws are made to secure the personal safety of its subjects and to prevent murder and crimes of violence. They are made to secure the property of the citizens against theft and damage and to protect the rights of communities and castes to carry out their customs and ceremonies, so long as they do not confict with the rights of others. Now the good citizen, of his own free will obeys these laws and he takes care that everything he does is done with due regard to the rights and well being of others. But the bad citizen is only restrained from breaking these laws by fear of the consequence of his action. And the necessary steps to compel the bad citizen to act as a good citizen are taken by this force. The supreme control of law and order in a state is in the hands of a Minister, who is responsible to the state Assembly and acts through the Inspector General of Police.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) law-abiding (Adjective) : obeying and respecting the law
(2) so long as (Id.) : provided that: I will give you the book so long as you return it.
(3) restrained (Verb) : to stop oneself from doing something that one would like to do

  1. The expression customs and ceremonies means :









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    usual practices and religious rites

    Correct Option: D

    usual practices and religious rites


  1. Which of the following statements is not implied in the passage?









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    Law ensures people’s religious and social rights absolutely and unconditionally.

    Correct Option: C

    Law ensures people’s religious and social rights absolutely and unconditionally.



Direction: In the following questions, you have a brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
The desert floras shame us with their cheerful adaptations to the seasonal limitations. Their whole duty is to flower and fruit, and they do it hardly, or with tropical luxuriance, as the rain admits. It is recorded in the report of the Death Valley expedition that after a year of abundant rains, on the Colorado desert was found a specimen of Amaranthus ten feet high. A year later the same species in the same place matured in the drought at four inches. Seldom does the desert herb attain the full stature of the type. Extreme aridity and extreme altitude have the same dwarfing effect, so that we find in the high Sierras and in Death Valley related species in miniature that reach a comely growth in mean temperatures. Very fertile are the desert plants in expedients to prevent evaporation, turning their foliage edgewise toward the sun, growing silky hairs, exuding thick gum. The wind, which has a long sweep, harries and helps them. It rolls up dunes about the stocky stems, encompassing and protective, and above the dunes, which may be, as with the mesquite, three times as high as a man, the blossoming twigs flourish and bear fruit.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
drought (N.) : a shortage of rainfall
stature (N.) : the distance from head to foot (in a standing position)
aridity (N.) : a deficieny of moisture
comely (Adj.) : suitable ; proper
expedients (N.) : necessary for a particular purpose
foliage (N.) : leaves and branches together
exuding (V.) : release a liquid in small quantities
dunes (N.) : a ridge of sand created by the wind (found in deserts or near lakes and oceans)
encompassing (Adj.) : closely according
mesquite (N.) : a floral plant found in a desert

  1. What stops the desert floras performing their duty well?









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    the rain

    Correct Option: B

    the rain


  1. The mesquite is a ________.









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    a desert flora

    Correct Option: D

    a desert flora



  1. The desert plants face the danger of _____ from extreme aridity and extreme altitude.









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    dwarfism

    Correct Option: D

    dwarfism