Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have two passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
The reports published by a Delhi based nongovernmental organization working for the elimination of child labour in India suggest that there is no end in sight to the sordid saga of child labour. The studies conducted reveal the nightmarish ordeals that a vast majority of children undergo for getting the basic necessities of life. One of the activists narrated the heart-rending and shocking stories of many hapless children. He accused the society of insensitivity towards this vulnerable section. It is said that more than five percent of the total Indian population are child workers. Tens of thousands are chiefly engaged in agriculture in rural areas and in a variety of industries in urban areas. Children as young as seven years of age spend days stitching footballs, boxing and cricket gloves for export. Many children spend their entire childhood making carpets with their dexterous hands. Unofficial figures suggest that as many as 40 to 100 million children work in hazardous industries like glassware, fireworks, quarries etc. Many of them have been forced to work in unhygienic conditions often on a casual basis.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) sordid (Adj.) : very dirty and unpleasant
(2) saga (N.) : a long series of events/adventures and/ or a report about them
(3) nightmarish (Adj.) : very frightening and unpleasant
(4) ordeals (N.) : a difficult/unpleasant experience
(5)heart-rending (Adj.) : causing feelings of great sadness ; heart-breaking
(6) hapless (Adj.) : not lucky ; unfortunate
(7) vulnerable (Adj.) : weak and easily hurt physically/ emotionally
(8) dexterous (Adj.) : skilful with your hands; skilfully done
(9) hazardous (Adj.) : involving risk/danger, especially to somebody’s health/safety

  1. ______ of children work in hazardous conditions.









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    Millions

    Correct Option: B

    Millions


Direction: In the following questions, you have two passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
The National Highways Network of India measures over 70,934 km as of 2010, including over 1,000 km of limitedaccess expressways. Out of 71,000 km of National Highways 15,000 plus km are 4 or 6 lanes and remaining 50,000 km are 2 lanes. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is the nodal agency responsible for building, upgrading and maintaining most of the national highways network. The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a major effort to expand and upgrade the network of highways. NHAI often uses a public-private partnership model for highway development, maintenance and toll-collection. National highways constituted about 2% of all the roads in India, but carried about 40% of the total road traffic as of 2010. The majority of existing national highways are twolane roads (one lane in each direction), though much of this is being expanded to four-lanes, and some to six or eight lanes. Some sections of the network are toll roads. Over 30,000 km of new highways are planned or under construction as part of the NHDP, as of 2011. This includes over 2,600 km of expressways currently under construction.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) nodal agency : almost an official agency/government agency

  1. The majority of National Highways in India have









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    two-lanes

    Correct Option: A

    two-lanes


  1. What percentage of roads in India are National Highways?









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    2%

    Correct Option: A

    2%


  1. What is the measurement of two-lane National Highways of India?









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    50,000 km

    Correct Option: C

    50,000 km


  1. What is the responsibility of the NHAI?









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    building, upgrading and maintaining of National Highways

    Correct Option: B

    building, upgrading and maintaining of National Highways