Comprehension


Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
This is the thorny side of the prevailing examination system. Most examiners have perfected their skill in making it a veritable nightmare for majority of the students.Quite unwittingly we have increased the enrolment in schools alarmingly. Most of the students have neither the requisite aptitude to learn nor any clear-cut goal in life. The destiny of students would be decided in the final examination of a written nature to test bookish, rote memory. All laudable objectives of kindling originality and problem solving ability are trumpeted only in educational seminars and workshops. Ultimately all these are gone with the wind. No wonder examination hangs like a Damocles’ sword. Compare this with a related discipline such as music and dance. None would venture to seek entry into such centres of excellence unless one has proven aptitude to profit from training. Here the students have excellent rapport with their teachers who evaluate their performance on a day-to-day basis and provide constant feedback. Students enjoy practising at home what they are taught in class. As they realise their progress by constant reinforcement, they welcome and enjoy examination in class. Under the watchful guidance of committed teachers, students grow and blossom out as well-trained artistes. This is possible and feasible because the teacherpupil ratio is ideal and the attitude of the learner is based on devotion and dedication.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
veritable : a word used for emphasizing that somebody/something can be compared to somebody/something else that is more exciting, more impressive, etc; positive rote
memory : learning by repeating, until you remember it rather than by understanding the meaning of it.
laudable : deserving to be praised/admired, even if not successful.
kindling : making something such as an interest, emotion, etc.
start to grow/feel in somebody. trumpeted : talked about/something publicly in a proud/enthusiastic way.
gonewit h :disappeared; gone for the wind ever.
Damocles : a bad/unpleasant sword thing that might happen to you at any time and that makes you feel worried/frightened.
Venture : to say/do something in a careful way.
feasible : that is possible and likely to be achieved.

  1. Ultimately all these are gone with the wind. The above sentence shows that the writer









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    regrets our ignoring the aims of true education

    Correct Option: B

    regrets our ignoring the aims of true education


Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Although Indians spend less money on allopathic medicines than people in most Asian Countries, more than 40,000 drug formulations are available here. All manufacturers are required by law to provide information about their product either on the packaging or in a pamphlet inside. But, in many cases, this information is very meagre and hard to understand. Many doctors, too do not tell their patients anything about the drugs they prescribe. What should we be concerned about when we take drugs ? There are two areas :
(1) Side effects. Many people taking a drug will notice an undesirable reaction, usually minor. But even the mildest drugs can do harm if taken improperly, long enough or in excessive doses. And everyone responds to a drug differently.
(2) Failure to follow directions. Many of us disobey prescription instructions on how much to take and when. It is easy to fall into thinking that more of the drug will speed up the healing. It is more common, however for people to stop taking a drug when they begin to feel better. This, too, can be dangerous.
What are the steps to be taken for safety?
(1) Take a drug only as recommended on the label or by the doctor.
(2) If you feel ill after taking a drug, check it with a doctor.
(3) Do not mix drugs .
(4) Check whether any food or activities are to be avoided.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
formulations : the act of creating/preparing something carefully
meagre : deficient in amount/quality/extent
side-effects : an extra and usually bad effect that a drug has on you
unintelligible : impossible to understand

  1. Which one of the following is true?









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    Drugs should be used only according to prescription

    Correct Option: D

    Drugs should be used only according to prescription



  1. Drug manufacturers ________ .









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    give very little and unintelligible information

    Correct Option: C

    give very little and unintelligible information


  1. Only one of the following sentences is right. Identify it.









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    Even mild drugs are not always safe

    Correct Option: B

    Even mild drugs are not always safe



  1. How are drug users to be instructed by the manufacturers?









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    Information should be printed on the carton or in a pamphlet kept inside it

    Correct Option: C

    Information should be printed on the carton or in a pamphlet kept inside it