Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
The instinctive, natural way to express anger is to respond aggressively. Anger is a natural, adaptive response to threats; it inspires powerful, often aggressive, feelings and behaviours, which allow us to fight and to defend ourselves when we are attacked. On the other hand, we can’t physically lash out at every person or object that irritates or annoys us; laws, social norms and common sense place limits on how far our anger can take us. People use a variety of both conscious and unconscious processes to deal with their angry feelings. The three main approaches are expressing, suppressing and calming. Expressing your
angry feelings in an assertive - not aggressive - manner is the healthiest way to express anger. Being assertive doesn’t mean being pushy or demanding; it means being respectful of yourself and others. Anger can be suppressed and then converted or redirected. This happens when you hold in your anger, stop thinking about it and focus on something positive.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) instinctive (Adj.) : unthinking
(2) aggressively (Adv.) : in a way that is angry and threatening ; in a way that shows force and determination in order to succeed
(3) adaptive (Adj.) : concerned with changing
(4) lash out (Phr. V.) : to suddenly try to hit somebody/ something ; to criticize somebody in an angry way
(5) suppressing (V.) : control and refrain from showing (emotions, desires, behaviour)
(6) assertive (Adj.) : expressing opinions/desires strongly and with confidence, so that people may take notice

  1. How, according to the author, can one suppress anger?









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    By holding one’s anger.

    Correct Option: B

    By holding one’s anger.


  1. What does the author mean by being assertive?









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    Being respectful

    Correct Option: D

    Being respectful



Direction: In the following five questions, read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
A library is an organized collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. A library’s collection can include books, periodicals, newspapers, manuscripts, films, maps, e-books and other formats. Libraries range in size from a few shelves of books to several million items. A library is organized for use and is maintained by a public body, an institution, a corporation, or a private individual. Public and institutional collections and services may be intended for use by people who choose not to or cannot afford to purchase an extensive collection themselves, who need material no individual can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance with their research. In addition to providing materials, libraries also provide the services of librarians who are experts at finding and organizing information and at interpreting information needs. Libraries often provide quiet areas for studying, and they also offer common areas to facilitate group study and collaboration. Libraries are extending services beyond the physical walls of a building by providing material accessible by electronic means.

  1. What is the present status and function of libraries?









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    There is privacy in a library.

    Correct Option: C

    There is privacy in a library.


  1. Libraries range in size from









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    a few shelves of books to several million items.

    Correct Option: C

    a few shelves of books to several million items.



  1. In terms of ownership who can afford a library?









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    Any one

    Correct Option: A

    Any one