Comprehension


Direction: A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose thebest answer to each question out of the four alternatives. The first working steam–powered vehicle was designed and most likely built by Ferdinand Verbies, a Flemish member of a Jesuit mission in China around 1672. It was a 65 cm long scale–model toy for the Chinese Emperor, that was unable to carry a driver or a passenger. It is not known if Verbiest’s model was ever built. Nicolas Joseph Cugnot is widely credited with building the first full scale, self propelled mechanical vehicle or automobile in about 1769; he also created a steam–powered tricycle. He constructed two steam tractors for the French Army, one of which is preserved in the French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts. His inventions were however handicapped by problems of water supply and maintaining steam pressure. In 1801, Richard Trevithick built and demonstrated his Puffing Devil road locomotive, believed by many to be the first demonstration of a steam–powered road vehicle. It was unable to maintain sufficient steam pressure for long periods. Sentiment against steampowered road vehicles led to the Locomotive Acts of 1865. In 1807 Nicephore Niepce and his brother Claude probably created the world’s first internal combustion engine which they called Pyreolophore.

  1. The Pyreolophore was









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    the name of the world’s first internal combustion engine.

    Correct Option: D

    the name of the world’s first internal combustion engine.


  1. What is meant by Sentiment in the context of the given paragraph?









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    resentment

    Correct Option: D

    resentment



  1. The problem with Trevithick’s Puffing Devil was









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    its inability to maintain steam pressure.

    Correct Option: C

    its inability to maintain steam pressure.


  1. Cugnot built steam tractors for









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    The French Army

    Correct Option: B

    The French Army



  1. The first full-scale, working steam-powered tricycle was built by









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    Cugnot

    Correct Option: B

    Cugnot