Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have a brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
The capitalist system does not foster healthy relations among human beings. A few people own all the means of production and others have to sell their labour under conditions imposed upon them. The emphasis of capitalism being on the supreme importance of material wealth, the intensity of its appeal is to the acquisitive tendency. It promotes worship of economic power with little regard to the means employed for its acquisition and the end that it serves. By its exploitation of human beings to the limits of endurance, its concentration is on the largest profit rather than maximum production. Thus the division of human society is done on the basis of profit motive. All this is injurious to human dignity. And when the harrowed poor turn to the founders of religion for succour, they rather offer a subtle defense for the established order. They promise future happiness for present suffering. They conjure up visions of paradise to soothe the suffering majority and censure the revolt of the tortured men. The system imposes injustice, the religion justifies it.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) foster (V.) : promote the growth of
(2) imposed (V.) : to force somebody/something to have to deal with something that is difficult/unpleasant
(3) intensity (N.) : high level/degree
(4) acquisitive (Adj.) : eager to acquire and possess things (possessions/ideas)
(5) endurance (N.) : the power to withstand hardship/ stress
(6) harrowed (Adj.) : looking as if you have suffered
(7) succour (N.) : assistance in time of difficulty
(8) subtle (Adj.) : not very noticeable
(9) conjure up (Phr. V.) : to make something appear as a picture in your mind
(10) paradise (N.) : heaven
(11) censure (V.) : rebuke (make fun) formally
(12) dehumanising (V.) : to make somebody lose his human qualities such as kindness, pity, etc.
(13) alleviate (V.) : make lesser/easier
(14) seek (V) : try to get/reach locate/discover
(15) redress (N.) : compensation
(16) perpetuate (V.) : cause to continue/prevail

  1. Capitalism divides society into the two categories of









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    exploiters and exploited people

    Correct Option: D

    exploiters and exploited people


  1. In a capitalist system









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    the ends justify the means

    Correct Option: D

    the ends justify the means



Direction: In the following questions, you have a brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
In September 2011, Hindustan Times did a study in Delhi and reported that the number of malaria (and dengue) cases at the time were actually thrice as many as revealed by the city authorities. Earlier, in Mumbai, a municipal claim that 145 people died due to malaria in 2010 was exposed a lie after Praja, a city NGO, extracted figures from the municipality itself. Following an RTI petition, Praja revealed 1190 deaths. This seems to be a habit. A paper in the leading UK medical journal The Lancet, published following nationwide interviews undertaken by an international team, reveals that the number of malarial deaths all over India every year may be as high as 205,000, which is many times the World Health Organization’s figure of about 15,000, of the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme’s figure of just around 1000. While the Lancet paper has been disputed, it is clear that there must be gross under-reporting of malarial deaths. Wouldn’t that be one of the big reasons why malaria, which is easily cured if properly treated after timely diagnosis, continues to kill so many Indians?

  1. The Hindustan Times found that the number of malaria cases in 2011 was









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    three times the numbers revealed by the authorities

    Correct Option: B

    three times the numbers revealed by the authorities


  1. The findings of The Lancet were published after









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    nationwide interviews were carried out

    Correct Option: D

    nationwide interviews were carried out



  1. What is the habit mentioned in the passage?









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    Hiding the real figures of malaria cases

    Correct Option: B

    Hiding the real figures of malaria cases