Direction: Read the following passage carefully and choose thebest answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The world is becoming a dangerous place to live in, and this is despite our claims of being civilized, of having evolved from the primitive to the modern man and from the cave man to cultured being. Many reasons can be attributed to this. A man longs to be the king of all kingdoms, but is too extravagant and idle. He desires that his writ should run through the whole world. But then he is lazy and lethargic. Man is mean, far inferior to other species. We are more human than humane. We have negative qualities such as anger, ego, envy, greed, hatred, and jealousy, that we should consider overcoming. We have allowed these qualities to become our consuming passions. We think that we are mightier than most. We think we are capable of destroying anything by using our might. Today, we have acquired weapons of mass destruction, which are capable of obliterating all life from the face of this planet. As men we arm men. Then we destroy people without arms. Then why are we giving vent to this anger? We let our wrath take over our senses. We fight to satisfy our egos. The overpowering obsession of a man with himself motivates him to grab everything and to fulfil his greed.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) despite (Prep.) : in spite of
(2) attributed (V.) : to regard as resulting from a specified cause
(3) run through (Phr.V.) : to be present in every part of something
(4) writ (N.) : authority
(5) lethargic (Adj.) : without any energy/enthusiasm for doing things
(6) mean (Adj.) : unkind, not willing to give/share things (money)
(7) humane (Adj.) : showing kindness, care, and sympathy towards others, especially those who are suffering
(8) obliterating (V.) : removing all signs of something, either by destroying/covering it completely
(9) giving vent to (Id.) : to express a strong feeling (anger)
(10) wrath (N.) : extreme anger
(11) obsession (N.) : passion
Direction: Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Nobody can argue that the acquisition of knowledge is more fun and easier with computers. The mere activity of touching and exploring this device constitutes an enjoyable task for a child. This, accompanied by the relaxing attitude and software interactivity, usually contributes to a better grasping of new knowledge. At a higher educational level the availability of digital books, simulators and other academic materials provide the student with an ever accessible source of information, that otherwise would not be at hand. But, besides the increasing complexity and behaviour of intelligent software, which is usually embedded in the academic digital material, the need for human interaction in the learning process will always be present, at least in the foreseeable future. There is the necessity for a human being to be able to determine what the specific needs of each individual are. A computer, no matter how sophisticated its software is, can hardly mimic the expertise of a teacher in how to explain and adapt complex concepts to different individuals.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) acquisition (N.) : the act of getting something (knowledge, skill, etc.)
(2) accessible (Adj.) : that can be reached, entered, used, seen, etc.
(3) at hand (Adv.) : within reach
(4) embedded (V.) : to cause to be an integral part of something
(5) foreseeable (Adj.) : that you can predict will happen
(6) sophisticated (Adj.) : clever and complicated in the way that it works/is presented
(7) mimic (V.) : to copy ; to imitate
(8) expertise (N.) : expert knowledge/skill in a particular subject, activity/job
(9) adapt (V.) : adjust