Comprehension


Direction: You have passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Pidgins are languages that are not, acquired as mother tongues and that are used for a restricted set of communicative functions. They are formed from a mixture of languages and have a limited vocabulary and a simplified grammar. Pidgins serve as a means of communication between speakers of mutually unintelligible languages and may become essential, in multilingual areas. A Creole develops from a pidgin when the pidgin becomes the mother tongue of the community. To cope with the consequent expansion of communicative functions the vocabulary is increased and the grammar becomes more complex. Where a Creole and the standard variety of English coexist, as in the Carribbean, there is a continuum from the most extreme form of Creole to the form that is closest to the standard language. Linguists mark off the relative positions on the Creole continuum as the ‘basilect’ (the furthest from the standard language), the ‘mesolect’, and the ‘acrolet’. In such situations, most Creole speakers can vary their speech along the continuum and many are also competent in the standard English of their country.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
pidgins : simple form of languages, especially english, Portuguese or Dutch, with a limited number of words, that are used together with words from a local language.
It is used when people who do not speak the same language need to talk to one another.
continuum : a series of similar items is which each is almost the same as the one next to it but the last is very different from the first.

  1. A pidgin develops in a situation when









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    different and mutually unintelligible languages exist side by side

    Correct Option: A

    different and mutually unintelligible languages exist side by side


Direction: You have passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Why don’t I have a telephone? Not because I pretend to be wise or pose as unusual. There are two chief reasons; because I don’t really like the telephone, and because I find I can still work and play, eat, breathe, and sleep without it. Why don’t I like the telephone? Because I think it is a pest and time waster. It may create unnecessary suspense and anxiety, as when you wait for an expected call, that doesn’t come; or irritating delay, as when you keep ringing a number that is always engaged. As for speaking in a public telephone booth, it seems to me really horrible. You would not use it unless you were in a hurry, and because you are in a hurry, you will find other people waiting before you. When you do get into the booth, you are half suffocated by the stale, unventilated air, flavoured with cheap face powder and chain-smoking; and by the time you have begun your conversation your back is chilled by the cold looks of somebody who is moving about restlessly to take your place. If you have a telephone in your house, you will admit that it tends to ring when you least want it to ring; when
you are asleep, or in the middle of a meal or a conversation, or when you are just going out, or when you are in your bath. Are you strong-minded enough to ignore it, to say to yourself. “Ah well, it will be all the same in hundred years time”. You are not. You think there may be some important news or message for you. Have you never rushed dripping from the bath, of chewing from the table, or dazed from bed, only to be told that you are a wrong number? You were told the truth. In my opinion all telephone numbers are wrong numbers. If, of course, your telephone rings and you decide not to answer it, then you will have to listen to an idiotic bell ringing and ringing in what is supposed to be the privacy of your own home. You might as well buy a bicycle bell and ring it yourself.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
pest : an annoying person/thing suffocated : lack of air (fresh) stale : not fresh

  1. He hates speaking in a public telephone booth because









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    he is suffocated by the stale, unventilated air, flavoured with cheap face powder and chainsmoking.

    Correct Option: A

    he is suffocated by the stale, unventilated air, flavoured with cheap face powder and chainsmoking.



  1. Ah well, it will be all the same in hundred years time. This sentence means









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    Nothing is going to change even if you don’t answer the telephone bell.

    Correct Option: D

    Nothing is going to change even if you don’t answer the telephone bell.


  1. All telephone numbers are wrong numbers, because









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    None of the statements given above.

    Correct Option: D

    None of the statements given above.



  1. ...... your back is chilled by the cold looks of somebody means









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    you feel uneasy because the person next in the queue looks at you restlessly

    Correct Option: B

    you feel uneasy because the person next in the queue looks at you restlessly