Direction: In the following questions, you have a brief passage with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Once upon a time, a businessman named Ray Kroc discovered a restaurant owned by two brothers. The restaurant served just four things: hamburgers, French fries, milkshakes and coca cola. But it was clean and inexpensive, and the service was quick. Mr. Kroc liked it so much that he paid the brothers so that he could use their idea and their name: McDonald’s. Beef, big business and fast service were the ingredients when Mr. Kroc opened his first McDonald’s in 1955. Four years later, there were 100 of them. Kroc knew Americans liked success. So he put signs saying how many millions of McDonald’s hamburgers people had bought. In just four years, the number was one hundred million. Now, there are more than 13,000 McDonald’s restaurants from Dallas to Paris and from Moscow to Beijing. Anyone who wants to open a McDonald’s must first work in one for a week. Then, they do a nine-month training programme, in the restaurants and at “McDonald’s University” in Chicago. There they learn the McDonald’s philosophy: quality control, service, cleanliness and cheap prices. McDonald’s has strict rules, Hamburgers must be served before they are ten minutes old, and French fries, seven. McDonald’s has never stopped looking for new methods to attract customers, from drive-in windows to birthday parties. Chicken, fish, salad and, in some places, pizza are now on the menu. McDonald’s in Holland even sells a vegetarian burger. Their international popularity shows they have found the recipe for success.
Direction: In the following questions you have a brief passage with five questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives
The Baxter house is located at the end of the street. This house sits farther back from the curb than the other houses. It is almost difficult to see from the road without peering behind the deformed oak tree that has obscured it for years. Even so, the Baxter house stands out from the other houses on the street. It is tall and white. However, this white is no longer pristinely white, but a dingy greyish cream colour. Long vines hang from the tattered roof. The Baxter house is two storeys tall and has a large yard in the back that has never been mowed. The other houses on the street are a mere one storey and have been painted a variety of colours. The newer, single storey properties all appear to have been built around the same time; the yards mostly being of the same size, and the houses appearing to be clones of one another. Aside from the Baxter house at the end, this street is a perfect slice of middle America. The inhabitants of the other houses wonder who lives in the ancient, dilapidated house at the end of the street.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) curb (N.) : the edge of the raised path at the side of a road, usually made of long pieces of stone
(2) peering (V.) : looking closely/carefully at something, especially when you cannot see it clearly
(3) obscured (V.) : to make it difficult to see, hear/ understand something
(4) stand out (Phr. V.) : to be easily seen ; to be noticeable
(5) pristinely (Adv.) : fresh and clean, as if new
(6) dingy (Adj.) : dark and dirty
(7) mowed (V.) : to cut grass, etc. using a machine/tool with a special blade/blades
(8) clones (N.) : a person/thing that seems to be an exact copy of another
(9) aside from (Prep.) : apart from
(10) dilapidated (Adj.) : old and in very bad condition