Comprehension


Direction: In the following questions, you have two passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Passage
Stop reading this passage for a few seconds and look around the room you’re in. Without any perceived effort at all on your part, your brain will register everything within the scope of your vision. But where does all that information — known as sensory memory — go? Well, pretty quickly, it vanishes. So what if you want to hold on to these fleeting memories for longer? The answer is obvious : you need to pay conscious attention to the sensory input we are receiving. By focusing on it, you can take the information to the next memory level, and turn it into working — or short-term — memory. This enables you, say, to remember the words you’ve just read so that what follows makes overall sense. True to its name, short-term memory lasts for only a few seconds to a few minutes, but it plays a vital role in our daily lives, allowing us to write down doctor’s appointment, make everyday decisions or have a conversation (think about it : you have to recall what someone said to you five seconds ago in order to respond). Of course, there is some information you need to keep for days, months or even years. What you need here is long-term memory. With this, the potential is there to remember something forever.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) perceived (Adj.) : sensed ; felt
(2) sensory (Adj.) : connected with your physical senses

  1. The information stored in your sensory memory generally









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    disappears completely

    Correct Option: C

    disappears completely


Direction: In the following questions, you have two passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Passage
India is chiefly an agricultural land. The cultivation of crops depends on a proper supply of water throughout the year. Since olden times, large parts of our country have suffered from occasional periods of too much rain and those of drought. People have known that if surplus flood water could be stored away for use during the dry season, these problems will be solved. Unfortunately, they had neither
the knowledge nor the means to do much in this direction. Whatever little they knew, they tried to put into practice. They dug canals to drain water from perennial rivers. This was heavy and expensive work and practicable over only a small area. Large tanks were excavated and small dams built to hold back floods. But it was not possible to do anything on a countrywide scale.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) drought (N.) : a long period of time when there is little/no rain
(2) perennial (Adj.) : happening again and again
(3) excavated (V.) : to dig

  1. India’s economy is chiefly









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    agricultural

    Correct Option: D

    agricultural



  1. Excavated means









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    to dig

    Correct Option: C

    to dig


  1. Why were the people unable to solve the problem?









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    They lacked knowledge and the means to solve the problem

    Correct Option: C

    They lacked knowledge and the means to solve the problem



  1. How has our country suffered since olden times?









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    It has suffered from heavy rains or severe droughts

    Correct Option: B

    It has suffered from heavy rains or severe droughts