Comprehension


Direction: In these questions, you have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is decadent and our language—so the argument runs—must inevitably share in the general collapse. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or handsome cabs to aeroplanes. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes. Now it is clear that the decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes : it is not simply due to the bad influence of this or that individual writer. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fails all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. The point is that the process is reversible. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. If one gets rid of these habits, one can think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step towards political regeneration : so that the fight against bad English is not frivolous and is not the exclusive concern of professional writers.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
decadent : having or showing low standards, especially moral ones, and an interest only in pleasure and enjoyment rather than serious things.
collapse : to fall down/to break down suddenly.
archaism : a very old word or phrase that is no longer used.
reinforcing : making a feeling. an idea, etc. stronger.
intensified : increased in degree or strength.
indefinitely : for a period of time with no fixed limit
slovenliness : carelessness, untidiness or dirtiness in appearance or habits
regeneration : making to develop and grow strong again
frivolous : silly or amusing behaviour.

  1. Many people believe that nothing can be done about the English language because









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    people are too lazy to change their bad habits

    Correct Option: D

    people are too lazy to change their bad habits


Direction: In these questions, you have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
What one wonders, is the lowest common denominator of Indian culture today. The attractive Hema Malini! The songs of Vividh Bharati! Or the mouth-watering Masala Dosa! Delectable as these may be, each yields pride of place to that false symbol of a new era–the synthetic fibre. In less than twenty years, the nylon sari and the terylene shirt have swept the countryside, penetrated to the farthest corners of the land and persuaded every common man, woman and child that the key to success in the present day world lies in artificial fibres : glass nylon, crepe nylon, tery mixes, polysters and what have you. More than the bicycles, the wristwatch or the transistor radio, synthetic clothes have come to represent the first step away from the village square. The village lass treasures the flashy nylon sari in her trousseau most dearly; the village youth gets a great kick out of his cheap terrycot shirt and trousers, the nearest he can approximate to the expensive synthetic sported by his wealthy citybred contemporaries. And the Neo–rich craze for ‘phoren’is nowhere more apparent than in the price that people will pay for smuggled, stolen, begged, borrowed secondhand or thrown away synthetics. Alas, even the unique richness of the traditional tribal costume is being fast eroded by the deadening uniformity of nylon.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
penetrated : went into or through something.
persuaded : made somebody do something by giving him good reasons for doing it.
trousseau : the clothes and the possessions collected by a woman who is soon going to get married in order to begin her married life
kick out : a great feeling of excitement and pleasure.
city bred : brought up in a city.
contempor–: belonging to the aries same time.
Neo-rich : Newly rich people. ‘phoren’ : foreign.
eroded : gradually destroyed something or made it weaken over a period of time.
deadening : making something such as a sound, a feeling, etc.
less strong. tragic : making you feel very sad, because somebody has died or has suffered a lot.
ironic : showing that you really mean the opposite of what you are saying.
sombre :sad and serious.
satiric : using humour to show the faults and weaknesses of a person.

  1. The tone of the passage is









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    sombre

    Correct Option: C

    sombre



  1. The term Neo-rich means









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    the newly rich people

    Correct Option: C

    the newly rich people


  1. The latest symbol of modernity for the rural people is









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    the synthetic cloth

    Correct Option: D

    the synthetic cloth



  1. The synthetic fibre has









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    become popular during the last twenty years

    Correct Option: B

    become popular during the last twenty years