Comprehension


Direction: You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
In the past 50 years, doctors across the world have accepted the practice to prescribe antibiotics at the first sign of a trivial infection or treat patients with a handful of antibiotics. These days it is not uncommon to see practitioners prescribing multiple antibiotics without any real indication or relevance for such a combination of drugs. Antibiotics have traditionally been known as miracle drugs, but there is growing evidence that they are overworked miracles, especially in countries like ours where there is easy access to drugs across the counter, including antibiotics. We cannot think of a return to pre-antibiotic days. Yet the unbridled use of these agents is inexorably propelling us in that direction.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
unbridled :not controlled and therefore extreme.
inexorably : not stopping or changing.
propelling :forcing somebody to move in a particular direction or to get into a particular situation.
antibiotics : a substance (penicillin) that can destroy/ prevent the growth of bacteria and cure infections
trivial :not important/serious miracle :wonder
overworked : made to work too hard/too much
access : the opportunity/right to use something/ to see somebody/something

  1. Antibiotics are called overworked miracles because









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    they are over-used

    Correct Option: C

    they are over-used


Direction: You have one brief passage with five questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The public sector banks are witnessing in India a period of transition and are at crossroads, where they without giving up social responsibility, should also remain healthy. They need to undertake risky experiments, yet perform it innovatively in a way it does not fail. They should make forays into new areas which are rarely tread by them and lose no emerging opportunities. It should be understood that absence of any bad advance is no sign of efficient banking system. It only indicates immense conservatism. However this is no guarantee for profit. There should be a balance between liquidity and risk. Past sins should be forgotten. Novel and pragmatic techniques should be adopted without which banks would be in danger.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
transition : the process/a period of changing from one state or condition to another.
innovatively : using/introducing new ideas, ways of doing, etc.
forays :an attempt to become involved in a different activity or profession.
tread : used/tried/acted upon
conservatism : the tendency to resist great or sudden change.
liquidity : the state of owning things of value that can easily be exchanged for cash at the
cross: the point at which an roads important choice has to be made
novel :new interesting and different
pragmatic : solving problems in a practical and sensible way rather than by having fixed ideas/ theories

  1. What would happen if novel and pragmatic techniques are ignored?









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    Will undermine the banks’ social commitment.

    Correct Option: B

    Will undermine the banks’ social commitment.



  1. What does the absence of any bad advance indicate?









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    Immense conservatism

    Correct Option: B

    Immense conservatism


  1. How can the banks take risks without risking a failure?









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    By being innovative.

    Correct Option: A

    By being innovative.



  1. In addition to being socially responsible, what does the author want the banks to be?









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    Financially healthy

    Correct Option: C

    Financially healthy