Comprehension


Direction: You have one brief passage with five questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Passage
All of us have enormous capabilities. In many of us however, our achievements fail to correlate with our potential, because of lack of self-discipline-the effort needed to channel our energy for productive uses. To maximise your effectiveness you must “learn to put your nose to the grindstone, work against boredom and learn to take the long, hard way in life rather than the short, easy way”. Here are a few suggestions that focus on “How to do what you want to do.” Take risks. It is important to realise that nothing in life is achieved unless you risk something. That’s how self-confidence develops. Every chance you take, offers you valuable spinoffs in terms of learning. Earn a reward. Sometime back I had to face the rather unenviable task of preparing for two examinations simultaneously. I had to be ruthless in driving myself from one goal to another. Hard nosed attitude saw me sail through the courses. I rewarded myself at the end of it indulging in my favourite pastime and taking a short holiday.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
correlate : to show that there is a close connection between two or more facts, figures, etc.
potential : possibility of something happening/being developed/used.
spin-offs : unexpected but useless results of an activity that is designed to produce something else.
unenviable : difficult/unpleasant.
ruthless : hard and cruel; determined to get what you want and not caring if you hurt other people.
put your nose to the grindstone : to work hard for a long period of time without stopping.
hard-nosed : not affected by feelings while trying to get what you want.

  1. Why do our achievements fail to correlate with our potential?









  1. View Hint View Answer Discuss in Forum

    Because of lack of self-discipline

    Correct Option: D

    Because of lack of self-discipline


Direction: You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Faith in progress is deep within our culture. We have been taught to believe that our lives are better than the lives of those who came before us. The ideology of modern economics suggests that material progress has yielded enhanced satisfaction and well-being. But much of our confidence about our own well-being comes from the assumption that our lives are easier than those of earlier generations. The lives of the so-called primitive peoples are thought to be harsh–their existence dominated by the ‘incessant quest for food’. In fact, primitives did very little work. By contemporary standards we’d have to judge them very lazy. The key to understanding why these ‘stone-age people’ failed to act like us – increasing their work effort to get more things–is that they had limited desires. In the race between wanting and having, they had kept their wanting low–and, in this way ensured their own kind of satisfaction. They were materially poor by contemporary standards, but in at least one dimension– time–we have to count them richer.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
incessant : never stopping;
constant. quest :a long search for something-knowledge/ truth/happiness.

  1. How does the writer appreciate the primitives?









  1. View Hint View Answer Discuss in Forum

    They have a low degree of wants

    Correct Option: A

    They have a low degree of wants



  1. What is the key to understanding the primitive people’s behaviour according to the passage?









  1. View Hint View Answer Discuss in Forum

    They had limited desires

    Correct Option: C

    They had limited desires


  1. What is the writer’s image of the primitive people?









  1. View Hint View Answer Discuss in Forum

    They were lazy

    Correct Option: C

    They were lazy



  1. What does the writer attribute to modern economics?









  1. View Hint View Answer Discuss in Forum

    That material progress leads to higher satisfaction and wellbeing

    Correct Option: C

    That material progress leads to higher satisfaction and wellbeing