Direction: In the following questions, you have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
The Critical Faculty is the most potent one in the human make-up. Its pervasiveness and force have not properly been recognized because like breathing, it is so much a part and parcel of human activity. The difference between a simpleton and an intelligent man, according to the man who is convinced that he is of the latter category, is that the former wholeheartedly accepts all things that he sees and hears while the latter never admits anything except after a most searching scrutiny. He imagines his intelligence to be a sieve of closely woven mesh through which nothing but the finest can pass. The critical sense is essential for keeping social transactions in a warm state. Otherwise life would become very dull and goody-goody. The critical faculty is responsible for a lot of give and take in life. It increases our awareness of our surroundings; it sounds dignified, no doubt, but it seems also to mean that we can watch someone else’s back better than our own! We never know our own defects till they are pointed out to us, and even then we need not accept them. We always question the bonafides of the man who tells us unpleasant facts. On the surface it is all very well to say, ‘I want an honest criticism; that will help me, not blind compliments.’ I wish people would mean it.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) pervasiveness (N.): the quality of existing in all parts of a place/thing
(2) part and parcel (Id.) : an essential part of something
(3) simpleton (N.) : a person who is not very intelligent and can be tricked easily
(4) convinced (Adj.) : completely sure about something
(5) scrutiny (N.) : careful and thorough examination
(6) sieve (N.) : strainer ; filter
(7) mesh (N.) : net
(8) bonafides (N.) : evidence that somebody/something is honest
Direction: In the following questions, you have two passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Stop reading this passage for a few seconds and look around the room you’re in. Without any perceived effort at all on your part, your brain will register everything within the scope of your vision. But where does all that information — known as sensory memory — go? Well, pretty quickly, it vanishes. So what if you want to hold on to these fleeting memories for longer? The answer is obvious : you need to pay conscious attention to the sensory input we are receiving. By focusing on it, you can take the information to the next memory level, and turn it into working — or short-term — memory. This enables you, say, to remember the words you’ve just read so that what follows makes overall sense. True to its name, short-term memory lasts for only a few seconds to a few minutes, but it plays a vital role in our daily lives, allowing us to write down doctor’s appointment, make everyday decisions or have a conversation (think about it : you have to recall what someone said to you five seconds ago in order to respond). Of course, there is some information you need to keep for days, months or even years. What you need here is long-term memory. With this, the potential is there to remember something forever.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) perceived (Adj.) : sensed ; felt
(2) sensory (Adj.) : connected with your physical senses