Comprehension


Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
Every profession or trade, every art and every science has its technical vocabulary, the function of which is partly to designate things or processes which have no names in ordinary English and partly to secure greater exactness in nomenclature. Such special dialects or jargons are necessary in technical discussion of any kind. Being universally understood by the devotees of the particular science or art, they have the precision of a mathematical formula. Besides, they save time, for it is much more economical to name a process than to describe it. Thousands of these technical terms are very properly included in every large dictionary, yet, as a whole, they are rather on the outskirts of the English language than actually within its borders. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of their special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts and other vocations like farming and fishing that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary is very old. An average man now uses these in his own vocabulary. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity and philosophy have become familiar to cultivated persons.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDSdesignate : to describe/ name something/somebody in a particular way.
nomenclature : a system of naming things.
dialects : the form of language that is spoken in an area with grammar, words and pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language.
jargons : words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group of people, and are difficult for others to understand. precision : the quality of being exact, accurate and careful accuracy.
cultivated people : having a high level of education and showing good manners.
outskirts : out of : vocations :a type of work/way of life that you believe is suitable for you

  1. Special words used in technical discussion









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    should resemble mathematical formula

    Correct Option: C

    should resemble mathematical formula


Direction: You have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
A recent investigation by scientists at the USA Geological Survey shows that strange animal behaviour might help predict future earthquakes. Investigators found such occurrences in a ten kilometre radius of the epicentre of a fairly recent quake. Some birds screeched and flew about wildly, dogs yelped and ran uncontrollably. Scientists believe that animals can perceive these environmental changes as early as several days before the mishap. In 1976, after observing the animal behaviour, the Chinese were able to predict a devastating quake. Although hundreds of thousands of people were killed, the government was able to evacuate millions of other and thus keep the death toll at a lower level.

  1. In this passage the word evacuate means









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    remove

    Correct Option: A

    remove



  1. Which of the following is not true?









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    The Chinese failed to predict the earthquake

    Correct Option: C

    The Chinese failed to predict the earthquake


  1. How can animals perceive these changes when human beings cannot?









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    Animals have certain instincts that human beings don’t possess

    Correct Option: B

    Animals have certain instincts that human beings don’t possess



  1. What prediction may be made by obeserving animal behaviour?









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    An impending earthquake

    Correct Option: A

    An impending earthquake