Comprehension


Direction: A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE
My brother, David, was always close to our grandmother. Both of them shared a love of Mother Nature and of food that they had grown themselves. Whenever his schedule permitted, he would drop in for a short visit and a cup of coffee. One day, when he found no one home, he left a chunk of dirt on her porch. This started what was later to be known as his “calling card”. Grandmother would come home occasionally and instantly know that David had been by when she spotted the chunk of dirt on her porch. Although Grandmother had a poor upbringing in Italy, she managed to do well in the United States. She was always healthy and independent and enjoyed a fulfilling life. Recently she had a stroke and died. Everyone was saddened by her death. David was disconsolate. His life–long friend was now gone.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) chunk (N.) : a piece
(2) porch (N.) : veranda
(3) calling card (N.) : phone card; visiting card
(4) upbringing (N.) : the way in which a child is cared for and taught how to behave while it is growing up
(5) disconsolate (Adj.) : very unhappy and disappointed; dejected.
(6) exuberant (Adj.) : full of energy; excitement and happiness.
(7) devastated (Adj.) : extremely upset and shocked
(8) hilarious (Adj.) : extremely funny (9) sombre (Adj.) : sad and serious

  1. David would drop in for a short visit and leave a ___ as a sign on grandma’s porch if she was not at home.









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    chunk of dirt

    Correct Option: B

    chunk of dirt


  1. What is the opposite of the word disconsolate.









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    exuberant

    Correct Option: C

    exuberant



Direction: In the following questions, you have three brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Passage
The heart is one of the most vital components of the human body. The heart of the human body has the continuous job to keep oxygen-rich blood flowing through the body. All the body’s cells need a constant supply of oxygen, particularly in the brain. The brain cells live only four to five minutes after the oxygen is cut off and death comes to the entire body. Heart disease can result from damage to the heart muscles, the valves or the pacemaker. If the muscle is damaged, the heart is unable to pump properly. If the valves are damaged, blood cannot flow normally. Dr. John Gibbon of U.S.A. developed a machine in 1953 that could take over temporarily from the heart. Surgeons had the chance to repair or replace a defective heart. Many patients have had plastic valves inserted in their hearts when their hearts were faulty. Many people are now being kept alive with tiny battery operated pacemakers.

  1. Heart diseases occur from









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    damage to the heart muscles

    Correct Option: D

    damage to the heart muscles


  1. Dr. John Gibbon of U.S.A. developed an artificial heart in









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    1953

    Correct Option: A

    1953



  1. The heart sends oxygen-rich blood









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    to the entire body

    Correct Option: B

    to the entire body