## Statement and Assumption

#### Statement and Assumption

Direction: In each of the questions below, is given a statesmen followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed of taken for granted, you have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumption(s) is/are implicit in the statement.

1. Statement
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic published by 'Arihant Publication' can do wonders for those preparing for objective competitive exams, an advertisement in newspaper 'X'.
Assumptions
I. Arithmetic is asked in objective competitive exams.
II. Fast objective Arithmetic is the only book on Arithmetic published by Arihant Publication.
III. People read newspaper 'X'.
1. Only Assumption III is implicit
2. Only Assumption I is implicit
3. Only Assumption II is implicit
4. I and III are implicit

1. Assumption I is implicit as the advertisement suggests to read the given book for objective competitive exams. Assumption II is invalid because it has no relation with the given statement. Assumption III will be implicit because only then the advertisement makes sense.

##### Correct Option: D

Assumption I is implicit as the advertisement suggests to read the given book for objective competitive exams. Assumption II is invalid because it has no relation with the given statement. Assumption III will be implicit because only then the advertisement makes sense.

1. Statement
Congress has crossed all the limits of corruption and this is the reason why people vote out congress and bring back BJP into power. Lal Krishna Advani tells in a press conference.
Assumptions
I. An honest Government is needed.
II. BJP is honest
III. No any other party should fight in upcoming election.
1. II and III are implicit
2. Only III is implicit
3. Only I is implicit
4. I and II are implicit

1. Because congress in involved in corruption, the the statement suggest to vote congress out of power. It mean need of the honest Government is hidden is the statement. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is implicit as statement suggests the BJP as a substitute for the corrupt Government of congress. Assumption III has no connection at all with the given Government.

##### Correct Option: D

Because congress in involved in corruption, the the statement suggest to vote congress out of power. It mean need of the honest Government is hidden is the statement. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is implicit as statement suggests the BJP as a substitute for the corrupt Government of congress. Assumption III has no connection at all with the given Government.

1. Statement
"If Mr 'X' does not mend his ways. I will call the police.
Assumptions
I. Mr. 'X' may mend his ways.
II. The police may help me.
III. Mr 'X' was my friend in past.
1. I and II are implicit
2. II and III are implicit
3. I and III are implicit
4. All are implicit

1. 'It he does not mend his ways' implies that there is a possibility for him to mend his ways. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Further, the person is depending upon the police, if he finds it necessary. It means the person must be assuming that police will help him. Hence, Assumption II is also implicit. Assumption III is nothing to do with the given statement.

##### Correct Option: A

'It he does not mend his ways' implies that there is a possibility for him to mend his ways. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Further, the person is depending upon the police, if he finds it necessary. It means the person must be assuming that police will help him. Hence, Assumption II is also implicit. Assumption III is nothing to do with the given statement.

1. Statement
You should not drink. You must take care of your health, Ramesh tells his friend Ravi.
Assumptions
I. Ravi will need to Ramesh's a advice.
II. Ramesh knows the ill effects of drinking.
III. Drinking is not good for health.
1. II and III are implicit
2. None is implicit
3. All are implicit
4. I and III are implicit

1. Anybody advises anyone with the assumption that his advice will get proper attention from the one who hears. Without assumption so, giving advice makes no sense. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is implicit of a thing, then he assumes that he knows about it. Assumption III is very much valid, otherwise the statement becomes meaningless.

##### Correct Option: C

Anybody advises anyone with the assumption that his advice will get proper attention from the one who hears. Without assumption so, giving advice makes no sense. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is implicit of a thing, then he assumes that he knows about it. Assumption III is very much valid, otherwise the statement becomes meaningless.

1. Statement
The company has decided to increase the price of all its product to tackle the precarious financial position.
Assumptions
I. The company may be able to wipe out the entire losses incurred earlier by the decision.
II. The buyer may continue to buy its product even after the increase.
III. The company has adequate resource to continue production for few more months.
1. None is implicit
2. II and III are implicit
3. I and III are implicit
4. Only II is implicit

1. None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Assumption I is not implicit because the word 'entire' makes the assumption doubtful. Assumption II is not implicit because neither we know the quality of the product not the market for the product. Assumption III is not implicit because we cannot say anything about the quantity of resources of the company.

##### Correct Option: A

None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Assumption I is not implicit because the word 'entire' makes the assumption doubtful. Assumption II is not implicit because neither we know the quality of the product not the market for the product. Assumption III is not implicit because we cannot say anything about the quantity of resources of the company.