Statement and Assumption


Direction: In the following questions, a statement is given followed by three Assumptions I,II and III. In the context of the questions an assumption is something to be taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement, then decide which one of the answer is correct.

  1. Statement
    Prakash decided to get his railway reservation done in the month of May for the journey he wants to undertake in July to Mumbai.
    Assumptions
    I. The railways open reservation two months in advance.
    II. There is more than one train to Mumbai.
    III. There will be a vacancy in the desired class.









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    Only Assumption I is implicit.

    Correct Option: B

    Only Assumption I is implicit.


  1. Statement
    The companies that showed relatively high import orientation in India were not the ones that benefited the most from Government interventions during the heydays of import substitution.
    Assumptions
    I. High import companies do not need Government support.
    II. Low import companies received more Government supports.
    III. Import oriented companies are affected by Government prices.
    IV. Exporting of goods get affected by Government .









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    Only Assumption III follows.

    Correct Option: B

    Only Assumption III follows.



  1. Statement
    Rice people are more prone to have heart attacks.
    Assumptions
    I. Most of the deaths among rich people are due to heart attacks.
    II. Poor people do not have heart attacks.









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    None of the statements is implicit in the statement . Rich people are more prone to a have heart attacks. It does not imply that most of the deaths caused among rich people are due to the heart attack. Again, the statement does not imply that poor people do not have heart attacks.

    Correct Option: D

    None of the statements is implicit in the statement . Rich people are more prone to a have heart attacks. It does not imply that most of the deaths caused among rich people are due to the heart attack. Again, the statement does not imply that poor people do not have heart attacks.


  1. Statement
    "Do not lean out of the moving train", a warning in the railway compartment.
    Assumption
    I. Such warning will have some effect.
    II. Leaving out of a moving train is dangerous.
    III. It is the duty of railways authorities to take care of passengers' safety.









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    Assumptions I and II are implicit because the warning against leaning out suggests one to be careful are against the dangers involved. No doubts that ensuring the passengers safety is the responsibility of the railways authorities ans hence III is also a valid assumption.

    Correct Option: D

    Assumptions I and II are implicit because the warning against leaning out suggests one to be careful are against the dangers involved. No doubts that ensuring the passengers safety is the responsibility of the railways authorities ans hence III is also a valid assumption.



  1. Statement
    Training must be given to all the employees for increasing productivity and profitability.
    Assumptions
    I. Training is an essential component of productivity.
    II. Employee cannot function effectively without proper training.
    II. Profitability and productivity are supplementary to each other.









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    Training has been necessitated in the statement, i.e., it is related to the efficiency and effectiveness of an employee. Therefor, both the Assumption I and II are implicit in the statement.

    Correct Option: D

    Training has been necessitated in the statement, i.e., it is related to the efficiency and effectiveness of an employee. Therefor, both the Assumptions I and II are implicit in the statement.