Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. Alberuni came to India with









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    The first significant intrusion of Islam into India was led by Mahmud of Ghazni. In 1017, Mahmud of Ghazni took Rey. Most scholars, including al-Biruni, were taken to Ghazna, the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. Biruni was made court astrologer and accompanied Mahmud on his invasions into India, living there for a few years. Biruni became acquainted with all things related to India. He may even have learned some Sanskrit. During this time he wrote the Kitab ta’rikh al-Hind, finishing it around 1030.

    Correct Option: A

    The first significant intrusion of Islam into India was led by Mahmud of Ghazni. In 1017, Mahmud of Ghazni took Rey. Most scholars, including al-Biruni, were taken to Ghazna, the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. Biruni was made court astrologer and accompanied Mahmud on his invasions into India, living there for a few years. Biruni became acquainted with all things related to India. He may even have learned some Sanskrit. During this time he wrote the Kitab ta’rikh al-Hind, finishing it around 1030.


  1. The Dilwara temple at Mount Abuin Rajasthan were built by the followers of









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    The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 21⁄2 kilometers from Mount Abu, Rajasthan’s only hill station. These temples built by Chalukya between the 11th and 13th centuries AD are world famous for their stunning use of marble. The five legendary marble temples of Dilwara are a sacred pilgrimage place of the Jains. Some consider them to be one of the most beautiful Jain pilgrimage sites in the world.

    Correct Option: B

    The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 21⁄2 kilometers from Mount Abu, Rajasthan’s only hill station. These temples built by Chalukya between the 11th and 13th centuries AD are world famous for their stunning use of marble. The five legendary marble temples of Dilwara are a sacred pilgrimage place of the Jains. Some consider them to be one of the most beautiful Jain pilgrimage sites in the world.



  1. The Bahmani kingdom was founded by









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    The sultanate was founded on 3 August, 1347 by governor Ala-ud-Din Hassan Bahman Shah, a Persian (Tajik) descent from Badakhshan, who revolted against the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughlaq. Nasiruddin Ismail Shah who had revolted against the Delhi Sultanate stepped down on that day in favour of Zafar Khan who ascended the throne with the title of Alauddin Bahman Shah. His revolt was successful, and he established an independent state on the Deccan within the Delhi Sultanate’s southern provinces.

    Correct Option: B

    The sultanate was founded on 3 August, 1347 by governor Ala-ud-Din Hassan Bahman Shah, a Persian (Tajik) descent from Badakhshan, who revolted against the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughlaq. Nasiruddin Ismail Shah who had revolted against the Delhi Sultanate stepped down on that day in favour of Zafar Khan who ascended the throne with the title of Alauddin Bahman Shah. His revolt was successful, and he established an independent state on the Deccan within the Delhi Sultanate’s southern provinces.


  1. The capital of the Yadava rulerswas :









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    The Seuna, Sevuna or Yadavas of Devagiri (850–1334) was an Indian dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Tungabhadra to the Narmada rivers, including present-day Maharashtra, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh, from its capital at Devagiri (present-day Daulatabad in modern Maharashtra). The Yadavas initially ruled as feudatories of the Western Chalukyas. Around themiddle of the 12th century, as the Chalukya power waned, they declared independence and established rule that reached its peak under Singhana II.

    Correct Option: D

    The Seuna, Sevuna or Yadavas of Devagiri (850–1334) was an Indian dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Tungabhadra to the Narmada rivers, including present-day Maharashtra, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh, from its capital at Devagiri (present-day Daulatabad in modern Maharashtra). The Yadavas initially ruled as feudatories of the Western Chalukyas. Around themiddle of the 12th century, as the Chalukya power waned, they declared independence and established rule that reached its peak under Singhana II.



  1. The Mughal painting reaches its/zenith during the reign of :









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    Mughal paintings reached its climax during the reign of Jahangir. He employed a number of painters like Abul Hasan, Bishan Das, Madhu, Anant, Manohar, Govardhan and Ustad Mansur. Sometimes, many painters painted a single picture. Other than hunting scenes, court scenes, battle scenes, portrait painting and painting of animals acquired importance. European influence is also noticeable in the paintings. Theprinciple of foreshortening, whereby near and distant people and things could be placed in perspective was adopted from European style.

    Correct Option: B

    Mughal paintings reached its climax during the reign of Jahangir. He employed a number of painters like Abul Hasan, Bishan Das, Madhu, Anant, Manohar, Govardhan and Ustad Mansur. Sometimes, many painters painted a single picture. Other than hunting scenes, court scenes, battle scenes, portrait painting and painting of animals acquired importance. European influence is also noticeable in the paintings. Theprinciple of foreshortening, whereby near and distant people and things could be placed in perspective was adopted from European style.