Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. The Muslim adventurer who destroyed the Nalanda University was









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    Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji was a Turkic military general of Qutb-ud-din Aybak. It is alleged by some writers that he was responsible for the destruction of Nalanda, which was an ancient Buddhist University in Bihar, India, nearby to the stronghold of
    Bihar. The main Persian source for this explains Khalji attacked the fortress unaware that it was a University.

    Correct Option: C

    Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji was a Turkic military general of Qutb-ud-din Aybak. It is alleged by some writers that he was responsible for the destruction of Nalanda, which was an ancient Buddhist University in Bihar, India, nearby to the stronghold of
    Bihar. The main Persian source for this explains Khalji attacked the fortress unaware that it was a University.


  1. Identify the European power from whom Shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition :









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    He used cannons and ammunition from the Portuguese to attack the English. In June 1661, Shivaji’s soldiers plundered Rajapur and captured several Englishmen. This was payback for the English aid to Bijapur. The following year, he captured a band of Englishmen in Surat for supplying ammunition to his enemies.

    Correct Option: B

    He used cannons and ammunition from the Portuguese to attack the English. In June 1661, Shivaji’s soldiers plundered Rajapur and captured several Englishmen. This was payback for the English aid to Bijapur. The following year, he captured a band of Englishmen in Surat for supplying ammunition to his enemies.



  1. Coronation of Shivaji took place in









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    On 6th June 1674, Shivaji’s coronation ceremony was performed according to the shastras by Vishweshwar, also called Gaga Bhatta, of Varanasi, a master of the four Vedas, the six philosophies and all the Hindu scriptures after he had gone through the genealogy brought by Balaji Avji Prabhu, Shivaji’s secretary, which showed that the Bhonsles were a branch of the highly respected Sisodias of Mewar, the Kshatriyas of the purest Rajput clan.

    Correct Option: B

    On 6th June 1674, Shivaji’s coronation ceremony was performed according to the shastras by Vishweshwar, also called Gaga Bhatta, of Varanasi, a master of the four Vedas, the six philosophies and all the Hindu scriptures after he had gone through the genealogy brought by Balaji Avji Prabhu, Shivaji’s secretary, which showed that the Bhonsles were a branch of the highly respected Sisodias of Mewar, the Kshatriyas of the purest Rajput clan.


  1. Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’?









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    Guru Tegh Bahadur became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 20 March 1665, following in the footsteps of His Grand-Nephew, Guru Har Krishan Sahib. Tegh Bahadur was given the title Bahadur by his father Guru Hargobind (sixth Guru of the Sikhs) as he displayed such bravery with the sword in battle. Later upon return to Eastern Punjab settling down at Anandpur his followers began to refer to him as the “Sacha Badshah” (True King). He was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi.

    Correct Option: C

    Guru Tegh Bahadur became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 20 March 1665, following in the footsteps of His Grand-Nephew, Guru Har Krishan Sahib. Tegh Bahadur was given the title Bahadur by his father Guru Hargobind (sixth Guru of the Sikhs) as he displayed such bravery with the sword in battle. Later upon return to Eastern Punjab settling down at Anandpur his followers began to refer to him as the “Sacha Badshah” (True King). He was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi.



  1. After the death of Rajaram in 1700 A.D., Marathas continued the war against the Mughals under his brave wife









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    Tarabai was skilled in cavalry movement, and made strategic movements herself during wars. She personally led the war and continued the insurgency against the Mughals. A truce was offered to the Mughals in such way that it was promptly rejected by the Mughal emperor, and Tarabai continued the Maratha resistance.

    Correct Option: A

    Tarabai was skilled in cavalry movement, and made strategic movements herself during wars. She personally led the war and continued the insurgency against the Mughals. A truce was offered to the Mughals in such way that it was promptly rejected by the Mughal emperor, and Tarabai continued the Maratha resistance.