Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. The first woman ruler in Indian history was :









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    Razia Sultan, daughter of Iltutmish, was the first woman ruler of India. She was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236 to May 1240. She was the only woman ruler of both - the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal period, although other women ruled from behind the scenes.

    Correct Option: A

    Razia Sultan, daughter of Iltutmish, was the first woman ruler of India. She was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236 to May 1240. She was the only woman ruler of both - the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal period, although other women ruled from behind the scenes.


  1. Who among the following was the first to make use of artillery in warfare in medieval India?









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    Babur is credited with being the first to use artillery in India in the first Battle of Panipat (1526). His artillery commanders were Ustad Ali and Mustafa. From then onward, artillery was used in wars throughout the Mughal period and later during the reign of the Marathas under Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the East India Company.

    Correct Option: A

    Babur is credited with being the first to use artillery in India in the first Battle of Panipat (1526). His artillery commanders were Ustad Ali and Mustafa. From then onward, artillery was used in wars throughout the Mughal period and later during the reign of the Marathas under Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the East India Company.



  1. The first Europeans to come to India were









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    The first European to land on the shores of India was a Portuguese sailor by the name of Vasco da Gama who, after sailing around Cape of Good Hope, landed on the Port of Calicut on the Malabar Coast of India in 1498 A.D. His subsequent expeditions led to the establishment of Portuguese settlements in India.

    Correct Option: D

    The first European to land on the shores of India was a Portuguese sailor by the name of Vasco da Gama who, after sailing around Cape of Good Hope, landed on the Port of Calicut on the Malabar Coast of India in 1498 A.D. His subsequent expeditions led to the establishment of Portuguese settlements in India.


  1. Chachnama records the history of which conquest?









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    Chach Nama, also known as the Fateh Nama Sindh, is a book about the history of Sindh, chronicling the Chacha Dynasty’s period, down to the Arab conquest by Muhammad bin Qasim in early 8th century AD. A valuable source on Arab history, it was written in Arabic by Kazi Ismail, who was appointed the first Qazi of Alor by Muhammad Kasim after the conquest of the Sindh.

    Correct Option: C

    Chach Nama, also known as the Fateh Nama Sindh, is a book about the history of Sindh, chronicling the Chacha Dynasty’s period, down to the Arab conquest by Muhammad bin Qasim in early 8th century AD. A valuable source on Arab history, it was written in Arabic by Kazi Ismail, who was appointed the first Qazi of Alor by Muhammad Kasim after the conquest of the Sindh.



  1. The official language of the Delhi Sultanate was?









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    Islam was the official religion, while Persian was the court language during the Delhi Sultanate. It was the official language which resulted in the spread of the Persian language in India. However, other languages such as Arabic, Hindi, etc., continued to be spoken.

    Correct Option: C

    Islam was the official religion, while Persian was the court language during the Delhi Sultanate. It was the official language which resulted in the spread of the Persian language in India. However, other languages such as Arabic, Hindi, etc., continued to be spoken.