Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. Goa was captured by the Portuguese in the year—









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    The Portuguese State of India was established in 1505 as a viceroyalty of the Kingdom of Portugal, six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal and India, to serve as the plenipotentiary governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas. In the year 1509, Alfonso de Albuquerque was appointed the second governor of the Portuguese possessions in the East. In 1510, Alfon so de Albuquerque defeated the Bijapur sultans with the help of Timayya, on behalf of the Hindu Vijayana gara Empire, leading to the establishment of a permanent settlement in Velha Goa (or Old Goa).

    Correct Option: C

    The Portuguese State of India was established in 1505 as a viceroyalty of the Kingdom of Portugal, six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal and India, to serve as the plenipotentiary governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas. In the year 1509, Alfonso de Albuquerque was appointed the second governor of the Portuguese possessions in the East. In 1510, Alfon so de Albuquerque defeated the Bijapur sultans with the help of Timayya, on behalf of the Hindu Vijayana gara Empire, leading to the establishment of a permanent settlement in Velha Goa (or Old Goa).


  1. The dead body of Babar by his own choice lies buried in









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    Babur died at the age of 47 in 1531. Though he wished to be buried in his favourite garden in Kabul, a city he had always loved, he was first buried in a mausoleum in the capital city of Agra. His remains were later moved to Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan.

    Correct Option: D

    Babur died at the age of 47 in 1531. Though he wished to be buried in his favourite garden in Kabul, a city he had always loved, he was first buried in a mausoleum in the capital city of Agra. His remains were later moved to Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan.



  1. The foreign traveller who visited India during the Mughal period and who left us an expert’s description of the Peacock Throne, was









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    Tavernier gives a detailed and vivid description of the “Peacock Throne” in his book Le Six Voyages deJ. B. Tavernier- The Six Voyages of J. B. Tavernier. It was during Tavernier’s sixth voyage to India, which he undertook between 1663 and 1668, he had the privilege of visiting the court of the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, at Jahanabad, at the invitation of the Emperor himself. The main purpose of Tavernier’s invitation to the Emperor’s court, was for the Emperor to inspect whatever jewels Tavernier had brought from the west, with a view of purchasing them. The description of the throne appears in Chapter VIII of Volume II of his book, which concerns about preparations for the Emperor’s annual birthday festival, during which he is solemnly weighed every year, and also about the splendor of his thrones and the magnificence of his court. Tavernier’s account of the Peacock Throne is the most comprehensive account of the throne available to modern historians.

    Correct Option: C

    Tavernier gives a detailed and vivid description of the “Peacock Throne” in his book Le Six Voyages deJ. B. Tavernier- The Six Voyages of J. B. Tavernier. It was during Tavernier’s sixth voyage to India, which he undertook between 1663 and 1668, he had the privilege of visiting the court of the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, at Jahanabad, at the invitation of the Emperor himself. The main purpose of Tavernier’s invitation to the Emperor’s court, was for the Emperor to inspect whatever jewels Tavernier had brought from the west, with a view of purchasing them. The description of the throne appears in Chapter VIII of Volume II of his book, which concerns about preparations for the Emperor’s annual birthday festival, during which he is solemnly weighed every year, and also about the splendor of his thrones and the magnificence of his court. Tavernier’s account of the Peacock Throne is the most comprehensive account of the throne available to modern historians.


  1. Who was the greatest Bhakti poet of Maharasthra ?









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    Saint Tukaram (1608–1645) was a prominent Varkari Sant (Saint) and spiritual poet during a Bhakti movement in India. Dilip Purushottam Chitre, a well known Marathi Scholar, identifies Tukaram as the first modern poet of Marathi. Chitre believes that Tukaram was the second saint after Sant Dnyaneshwar who denied caste hierarchy in Hindu religion and attacked rituals present in Hindu Dharma.

    Correct Option: B

    Saint Tukaram (1608–1645) was a prominent Varkari Sant (Saint) and spiritual poet during a Bhakti movement in India. Dilip Purushottam Chitre, a well known Marathi Scholar, identifies Tukaram as the first modern poet of Marathi. Chitre believes that Tukaram was the second saint after Sant Dnyaneshwar who denied caste hierarchy in Hindu religion and attacked rituals present in Hindu Dharma.



  1. The Delhi General who successfully advanced up to Madurai was









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    Malik Kafur was a slave who became a head general in the army of Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi sultanate from 1296 to 1316 AD. Between 1309 and 1311, Malik Kafur led two campaigns in South India. The first was against Warangal and other against Dwar Samudra, Mabar and Madurai.

    Correct Option: C

    Malik Kafur was a slave who became a head general in the army of Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi sultanate from 1296 to 1316 AD. Between 1309 and 1311, Malik Kafur led two campaigns in South India. The first was against Warangal and other against Dwar Samudra, Mabar and Madurai.