Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. ‘Khalsa’ was founded by









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    Khalsa is the collective body of Singhs and Kaurs represented by the five beloved-ones and is the final temporal Guru/leader of the Sikhs. The Khalsa was inaugurated on March 30, 1699, by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. The leadership was passed on by Guru Gobind Singh to the Khalsa and bestowed the title “Guru Panth” or “Guru”. The Khalsa is also the nation of the Sikhs. The Khalsa is responsible for all executive, military and civil authority. The meaning of Khalsa translates to “Sovereign/Free”. Another interpretation is that of being ‘Pure’.
    Guru Gobind Singh has declared the Khalsa as his true Guru and therefore as following described in the Sarbloh Granth the attributes of the Khalsa

    Correct Option: A

    Khalsa is the collective body of Singhs and Kaurs represented by the five beloved-ones and is the final temporal Guru/leader of the Sikhs. The Khalsa was inaugurated on March 30, 1699, by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. The leadership was passed on by Guru Gobind Singh to the Khalsa and bestowed the title “Guru Panth” or “Guru”. The Khalsa is also the nation of the Sikhs. The Khalsa is responsible for all executive, military and civil authority. The meaning of Khalsa translates to “Sovereign/Free”. Another interpretation is that of being ‘Pure’.
    Guru Gobind Singh has declared the Khalsa as his true Guru and therefore as following described in the Sarbloh Granth the attributes of the Khalsa


  1. Mughal presence in the Red Ford ceased with the fall of









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    The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government.

    Correct Option: D

    The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government.



  1. Who is considered as the greatest of all the Vijayanagar rulers?









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    Krishna Deva Raya was the greatest Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who reigned from 1509–1529 CE. He was the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty. Emperor Krishna Deva Raya earned the titles Andhra Bhoja, Mooru Rayara Ganda (meaning King of three Kings) and Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana. Portuguese travelers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz also visited the Vijayanagara Empire during his reign. Travelogues indicate that the king was not only an able administrator, but also an excellent general, leading from the front in battle and even attending to the wounded.

    Correct Option: A

    Krishna Deva Raya was the greatest Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who reigned from 1509–1529 CE. He was the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty. Emperor Krishna Deva Raya earned the titles Andhra Bhoja, Mooru Rayara Ganda (meaning King of three Kings) and Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana. Portuguese travelers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz also visited the Vijayanagara Empire during his reign. Travelogues indicate that the king was not only an able administrator, but also an excellent general, leading from the front in battle and even attending to the wounded.


  1. ‘Lakh Baksh’ was a title given to the ruler









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    Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibak also called “Lakh Baksh Sultan” (the donator of hundreds of thousands) was the first Muslim Emperor of India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built Qutb Minar and the Quwwat Al Islam mosque. He was of Turkic descent from central Asia, Turkic ruler, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Ghulam dynasty) of India. He ruled as an emperor for
    only four years, from 1206 to 1210 but because of his super efficient administration and farsighted vision, his name has become inseparable from the history of South Asia.

    Correct Option: D

    Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibak also called “Lakh Baksh Sultan” (the donator of hundreds of thousands) was the first Muslim Emperor of India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built Qutb Minar and the Quwwat Al Islam mosque. He was of Turkic descent from central Asia, Turkic ruler, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Ghulam dynasty) of India. He ruled as an emperor for
    only four years, from 1206 to 1210 but because of his super efficient administration and farsighted vision, his name has become inseparable from the history of South Asia.



  1. Ranthambhor was









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    Ranthambore Fort is a formidable fort and has been a focal point of historical developments of Rajasthan. It is situated near Sawai Madhopur town in Rajasthan. This fort is known for the glory and valor of brave Hammir Dev of Chauhan dynasty. The for- tress was captured by the kingdom of Mewar under Rana Hamir Singh (1326–1364) and Rana Kumbha (1433–1468). After the reign of Rana Kumbha’s successor Rana Udai Singh I (1468–1473) the fortress passed to the Hada Rajputs of Bundi. Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat captured the fortress from 1532 to 1535. The Mughal Emperor Akbar captured the fortress in 1559.

    Correct Option: B

    Ranthambore Fort is a formidable fort and has been a focal point of historical developments of Rajasthan. It is situated near Sawai Madhopur town in Rajasthan. This fort is known for the glory and valor of brave Hammir Dev of Chauhan dynasty. The for- tress was captured by the kingdom of Mewar under Rana Hamir Singh (1326–1364) and Rana Kumbha (1433–1468). After the reign of Rana Kumbha’s successor Rana Udai Singh I (1468–1473) the fortress passed to the Hada Rajputs of Bundi. Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat captured the fortress from 1532 to 1535. The Mughal Emperor Akbar captured the fortress in 1559.