Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. The saviour of the Delhi Sultanate was









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    Giyasuddin Balban came upon the throne at a time when the Delhi Sultanate had fallen into utter confusion due to the incompetence of the successors of Iltutmish. The country was subjected to foreign attacks. He reorganized the armed forces and thorough reforms were introduced in civil administration. Under his orders new strong fortresses were built in the north-western frontier. He saved the Sultanate from impending disintegration. So he should be considered as the ‘savior of the Delhi Sultanate.’

    Correct Option: D

    Giyasuddin Balban came upon the throne at a time when the Delhi Sultanate had fallen into utter confusion due to the incompetence of the successors of Iltutmish. The country was subjected to foreign attacks. He reorganized the armed forces and thorough reforms were introduced in civil administration. Under his orders new strong fortresses were built in the north-western frontier. He saved the Sultanate from impending disintegration. So he should be considered as the ‘savior of the Delhi Sultanate.’


  1. Name the Indian king who warmly received the Portuguese traveller Vasco da Gama when he landed at Calicut.









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    The Portuguese traveler Vasco da Gama reached the port of Calicut on 17 May 1498 and he was warmly received by Zamorin, the ruler of Calicut. He returned to Portugal in the next year to make a second trip in 1502. This led to the establishment of trading stations at Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin.

    Correct Option: C

    The Portuguese traveler Vasco da Gama reached the port of Calicut on 17 May 1498 and he was warmly received by Zamorin, the ruler of Calicut. He returned to Portugal in the next year to make a second trip in 1502. This led to the establishment of trading stations at Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin.



  1. The first Mughal emperor of India was









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    Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur was a conqueror from Central Asia who became the first Mughal emperor of India in 1526. The defeat of Ibrahim Lodi at the hands of Babur in the First Battle of Panipat (1526) led to the establishment of Mughal rule in India.

    Correct Option: C

    Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur was a conqueror from Central Asia who became the first Mughal emperor of India in 1526. The defeat of Ibrahim Lodi at the hands of Babur in the First Battle of Panipat (1526) led to the establishment of Mughal rule in India.


  1. Presently Daulatabad where Muhammad-bin Tughlaq had transferred the capital from Delhi is situated near









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    Daulatabad is a 14th-century fort city in Maharashtra, India, about 16 kilometers northwest of Aurangabad. Starting 1327, it famously remained the capital of Tughlaq dynasty, under Muhammad bin Tughluq (r. 1325-1351), who also changed its name, and forcibly moved the entire population of Delhi there, for two years, before it was abandoned due to lack of water.

    Correct Option: B

    Daulatabad is a 14th-century fort city in Maharashtra, India, about 16 kilometers northwest of Aurangabad. Starting 1327, it famously remained the capital of Tughlaq dynasty, under Muhammad bin Tughluq (r. 1325-1351), who also changed its name, and forcibly moved the entire population of Delhi there, for two years, before it was abandoned due to lack of water.



  1. Who among the following was known as the 'Parrot of India?









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    Amir Khusrau was a poet, historian, musician, and scholar, who is considered an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. It was he, who himself called Tuti-e-Hind’ (parrot of India). ‘To speak the truth, I am an Indian Parrot. If you want to listen from me some subtle verses, ask me then to recite some of my Hindi poems.”

    Correct Option: B

    Amir Khusrau was a poet, historian, musician, and scholar, who is considered an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. It was he, who himself called Tuti-e-Hind’ (parrot of India). ‘To speak the truth, I am an Indian Parrot. If you want to listen from me some subtle verses, ask me then to recite some of my Hindi poems.”