Medieval history miscellaneous


  1. Who got constructed ‘Grand Trunk Road’ ?









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    The Grand Trunk Road is one of South Asia’s oldest and longest major roads. For several centuries, it has linked the eastern and western regions of the Indian subcontinent, running from Chittagong, Bangladesh through to Howrah, West Bengal in India, across north India into Peshawar (in present day Pakistan), up to Kabul, Afghanistan. The modern road was built by Sher Shah Suri, who renovated and ex-tended the ancient route in the 16th century

    Correct Option: C

    The Grand Trunk Road is one of South Asia’s oldest and longest major roads. For several centuries, it has linked the eastern and western regions of the Indian subcontinent, running from Chittagong, Bangladesh through to Howrah, West Bengal in India, across north India into Peshawar (in present day Pakistan), up to Kabul, Afghanistan. The modern road was built by Sher Shah Suri, who renovated and ex-tended the ancient route in the 16th century


  1. Select the incorrectly matched pair of philosophers and their philosophies :









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    Vishishtadvaita is a sub-school of the Vedanta (literally, end or the goal of Knowledge, Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy, the other major sub-schools of Vedanta being Advaita, Dvaita, and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. VishishtAdvaita (literally “Advaita with uniqueness/qualifications”) is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy. Ramanuja, the main proponent of Visishtadvaita philosophy contends that the Prasthana Traya (“The three courses”) i.e. Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, and Brahma Sutras are to be interpreted in way that shows this unity in diversity, for any other way would violate their consistency.

    Correct Option: C

    Vishishtadvaita is a sub-school of the Vedanta (literally, end or the goal of Knowledge, Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy, the other major sub-schools of Vedanta being Advaita, Dvaita, and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. VishishtAdvaita (literally “Advaita with uniqueness/qualifications”) is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy. Ramanuja, the main proponent of Visishtadvaita philosophy contends that the Prasthana Traya (“The three courses”) i.e. Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, and Brahma Sutras are to be interpreted in way that shows this unity in diversity, for any other way would violate their consistency.



  1. Shah Jahan built the Moti Masjid at









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    The Moti Masjid in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. During the rule of Shah Jahan the Mughal emperor, numerous architectural wonders were built. Most famous of them is the Taj Mahal. Moti Masjid earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. It is held that this mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan for his members of royal court. The Moti Masjid boasts of extensive white marble facing, a typical stylistic feature of architecture during the reign of Shah Jahan.

    Correct Option: C

    The Moti Masjid in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. During the rule of Shah Jahan the Mughal emperor, numerous architectural wonders were built. Most famous of them is the Taj Mahal. Moti Masjid earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. It is held that this mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan for his members of royal court. The Moti Masjid boasts of extensive white marble facing, a typical stylistic feature of architecture during the reign of Shah Jahan.


  1. The Assam State derives its name from that of a tribe that conquered the region. Where did the tribesmen come from ?









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    The state of Assam derived its name from the word ‘Asom’ which means unequal or unrivalled. True to the meaning of its name, the state is unrivalled in terms of its natural beauty and the simplicity of the people. In the Mahabharata and the Puranas, Assam has been referred to as ‘Kamarupa’. The inhabitants of the state are a mixture of the Mongol-Aryan culture. The Ahoms ventured into Assam somewhere around 1228 A.D. The present name Assam derives from the name of a Sino-Tibetan tribe, the Ahoms, who came to Assam from China and Thailand, began
    their rule from 1228 AD and remained a force to reck-on with in the political arena till 1828 AD.

    Correct Option: D

    The state of Assam derived its name from the word ‘Asom’ which means unequal or unrivalled. True to the meaning of its name, the state is unrivalled in terms of its natural beauty and the simplicity of the people. In the Mahabharata and the Puranas, Assam has been referred to as ‘Kamarupa’. The inhabitants of the state are a mixture of the Mongol-Aryan culture. The Ahoms ventured into Assam somewhere around 1228 A.D. The present name Assam derives from the name of a Sino-Tibetan tribe, the Ahoms, who came to Assam from China and Thailand, began
    their rule from 1228 AD and remained a force to reck-on with in the political arena till 1828 AD.



  1. Who was the architect who designed ‘Taj Mahal’ ?









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    Isa Muhammad Effendi or Ustad Isa was a Persian architect from Iran he and his colleague Ismail Effendi entered the service of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan after the Ottoman Sultan Murad IV and the Mughals exchanged ambassadors. Isa Muhammad Effendi is often described as the chief architect of the Taj Mahal. Recent research suggests the Persian architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the most likely candidate as the chief architect of the Taj, an assertion based on a claim made in writings by Lahauri’s son Lutfullah Muhandis.

    Correct Option: B

    Isa Muhammad Effendi or Ustad Isa was a Persian architect from Iran he and his colleague Ismail Effendi entered the service of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan after the Ottoman Sultan Murad IV and the Mughals exchanged ambassadors. Isa Muhammad Effendi is often described as the chief architect of the Taj Mahal. Recent research suggests the Persian architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the most likely candidate as the chief architect of the Taj, an assertion based on a claim made in writings by Lahauri’s son Lutfullah Muhandis.