## Syllogism

#### Syllogism

Direction: In each of the following questions two/three statements are given followed by two/four conclusions I, II, III and IV. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follow from the given statements.

1. Statements:
(a) Some books are mobiles.
(b) Some calculators are mobiles.
Conclusions:
I. Some mobiles are calculators.
II. Some mobiles are books.

1. Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type). No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises.

##### Correct Option: C

Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type). No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises.
Conclusion I is the Converse of the second Premise.
Conclusion II is the converse of the first Premise.

Direction: In each of the following questions, two statements are given followed by two/four conclusions I, II, III and IV. You have to consider the two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follow from the given statements.

1. Statements:
(a) Some stones are gold.
(b) Some gold are banks.
Conclusions:
I. Some banks are stones.
II. Some gold are stones.
III. No stone is bank.
IV. Some banks are gold.

1. Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type).
No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises.

##### Correct Option: B

Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type).
No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises.
Conclusion II is Converse of the first statement.
Conclusion IV is Converse of the second statement.
Conclusions I and III form Complementary Pair. Therefore, either I or III follows.

Direction: In each of the following questions, one/three statements are given followed by two/ three/four conclusions/assumptions I, II, III & IV. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follow from the given statements.

1. Statements:
(a) All men are bachelors.
(b) Some bachelors are teachers.
(c) Some teachers are spiritual.
Conclusions:
I. All men are spiritual.
II. Some teachers are spiritual.
III. Some men are spiritual.
IV. All teachers are spiritual.

1. The first Premise is Universal Affirmative (A–type).
The second and the third Premises are Particular Affirmative (I–type).
All men are bachelors. ↔ Some bachelors are teachers.

##### Correct Option: B

The first Premise is Universal Affirmative (A–type).
The second and the third Premises are Particular Affirmative (I–type).
All men are bachelors. ↔ Some bachelors are teachers.
A + I ⇒ No Conclusion
Conclusion II is the Converse of the third Premise.

Direction: In the following questions, two statements are given followed by two conclusions (I) and (II). You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You are to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follow from the given statements. Indicate your answer.

1. Statements:
Some food are sweet.
Some food are sour.
Conclusions:
(I) All food are either sweet or sour.
(II) Some sweets are sour.

1. Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type).

##### Correct Option: D

Both the Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type). No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises.

Direction: In each of the following questions, one/two statements are given followed by three conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even it they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follow from the given statements.

1. Statements:
Some beautiful. are honest.
All honest are sensitives.
Conclusion 1: Some sensitives are beautiful.
Conclusion 2: Some honest are ladies.
Conclusion 3: Some sensitives are ladies.

1. The first and second Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type).
The third Premise is Universal Affirmative (A-type).
Some beautifuls are honest. ↔ All honest are sensitives.

##### Correct Option: B

The first and second Premises are Particular Affirmative (I-type).
The third Premise is Universal Affirmative (A-type).
Some beautifuls are honest. ↔ All honest are sensitives.
I + A ⇒ I-type of Conclusion “Some beautifuls are sensitives.”
Conclusion 1 is Converse of it.