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  1. The cost price of a table is ₹ 3,200. A merchant wants to make 25 % profit by selling it. At the the time of sale he declares a discount of 20 % on the marked price. The marked price (in ₹) is
    1. 5,000
    2. 6,000
    3. 4,000
    4. 4,500
Correct Option: A

Let the marked price of table be ₹ p.

∴ 
p × 80
=
3200 × 125
100100

⇒  p × 80 = 3200 × 125
⇒  p =
3200 × 125
= ₹ 5000
80

2nd method to solve this question.
Here, r = 25%, D = 20%,
C.P. = ₹ 3200, M.P. = ?
M.P.
=
100 + r
C.P.100 − D

M.P.
=
100 + 25
3200100 − 20

M.P. =
125 × 3200
= ₹ 5000
80


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