Machine Design Miscellaneous
 Square key of side d/4 each and length l is used to transmit torque T from the shaft of diameter d to the hub of a pulley. Assuming the length of the key to be equal to the thickness of the pulley, the average shear stress developed in the key is given by

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Force of the shaft circumference is given by
P = T d/2 ⇒ P = 2T d
Shearing area = width × length= d × l = ld 4 4 Average shear stress = P Shearing area
Correct Option: C
Force of the shaft circumference is given by
P = T d/2 ⇒ P = 2T d
Shearing area = width × length= d × l = ld 4 4 Average shear stress = P Shearing area
 A solid circular shaft needs to be designed to transmit a torque of 50 N.m. If the allowable shear stress of the material is 140 MPa, assuming a factor of safety of 2, minimum allowable design diameter in mm is

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Here, T = 50N – m
τ_{allowable} = 140 MPa
FOS = 2;τ_{safe} = τ_{allowable} = 70 MPa FOS We know, T τ_{safe} Z_{p} Z_{p} = πd^{3} 16 ⇒ d^{3} = 16 T π τ_{safe}
= 15.38 mm ≈ 16 mmCorrect Option: B
Here, T = 50N – m
τ_{allowable} = 140 MPa
FOS = 2;τ_{safe} = τ_{allowable} = 70 MPa FOS We know, T τ_{safe} Z_{p} Z_{p} = πd^{3} 16 ⇒ d^{3} = 16 T π τ_{safe}
= 15.38 mm ≈ 16 mm
 A selfaligning ball bearing has a basic dynamic load rating (C_{10}, for 10^{6} revolutions) of 35 kN. If the equivalent radial load on the bearing is 45 kN, the expected life (in 10^{6} revolutions) is

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Life (in Million Revolution) = C q P_{e}
q → 3 = ball bearingq → 10 ⇒ Roller bearing 3 Life = 35 ^{3} = 0.4705 Million Revolution 45
C → Dynamic load capacity = 35 KN
P_{e} equivalent load = 45 KNCorrect Option: A
Life (in Million Revolution) = C q P_{e}
q → 3 = ball bearingq → 10 ⇒ Roller bearing 3 Life = 35 ^{3} = 0.4705 Million Revolution 45
C → Dynamic load capacity = 35 KN
P_{e} equivalent load = 45 KN
 A butt weld Joint is developed on steel plates having yield and ultimate tensile strength of 500 MPa and 700 MPa, respectively. The thickness of the plates is 8 mm and width is 20 mm. Improper selection of welding parameters caused an undercut of 3 mm depth along the weld. The maximum transverse tensile load (in kN) carrying capacity of the developed weld Joint is _________.

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P_{t} = (s_{t}) (t_{under cut}) L
= 700 × 20 × (8 – 3)
= 700 × 100
= 70 kNCorrect Option: A
P_{t} = (s_{t}) (t_{under cut}) L
= 700 × 20 × (8 – 3)
= 700 × 100
= 70 kN
 A fillet welded Joint is subjected to transverse loading F as shown in figure. Both legs of the fillets are of 10 mm size and the weld length is 30 mm. If the allowable shear stress of the weld is 94 MPa, considering the minimum throat of the weld, the maximum allowable transverse load in kN is

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P = 0.707 sl. τ_{allowable}
= 0.707 × 10 × 30 × 94
= 19937.4N
= 19.934 kNCorrect Option: C
P = 0.707 sl. τ_{allowable}
= 0.707 × 10 × 30 × 94
= 19937.4N
= 19.934 kN