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Linear Equation

  1. The Fourth term of an Arithmetic Progression is 37 and the Sixth term is 12 more than the Fourth term. What is the sum of the Second and Eight terms?
    1. 54
    2. 64
    3. 74
    4. 84
    5. .
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    Let us assume the first number is a and common difference is d.
    According to question,
    4th term of A.P = 37
    a + ( n - 1 ) x d = 37
    Put the value of a , n and d, we will get,
    a + (4 - 1 ) x d = 37
    a + 3d = 37..................(1)
    sixth term is 12 more than the fourth term,
    6th term = 12 + 4th term
    a + ( n - 1 ) x d = 12 + 37
    a + ( 6- 1 ) x d = 39
    a + 5d = 39................(2)
    Solve the equation and get the answer.

    Correct Option: C

    Let us assume the first number is a and common difference is d.
    According to question,
    4th term of A.P = 37
    a + ( n - 1 ) x d = 37
    Put the value of a , n and d, we will get,
    a + (4 - 1 ) x d = 37
    a + 3d = 37..................(1)
    sixth term is 12 more than the fourth term,
    6th term = 12 + 4th term
    a + ( n - 1 ) x d = 12 + 37
    a + ( 6- 1 ) x d = 39
    a + 5d = 39................(2)
    subtract the equation (1) from (2)
    a + 5d - a - 3d = 39 - 37
    5d - 3d= 2
    2d = 2
    d = 1
    Put the value of d in equation (1), we will get
    a + 3 x 1 = 37
    a = 37 - 3
    a = 34

    Second term = a + (n - 1) x d = 34 + (2 - 1) x 1 = 34 + 1 = 35
    Six term = a + (n - 1) x d = 34 + (6 - 1) x 1 = 34 + 5 = 39
    Sum of Second and Six term = 35 + 39 = 74
    Sum of Second and Six term = 74
    Answer is 74.

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  1. How many 3-digits numbers are completely divisible by 6?
    1. 149
    2. 150
    3. 151
    4. 166
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    First 3-digit number divisible by 6 is 102 and last 3-digit number divisible by 6 is 996.
    Difference between two consecutive numbers divisible by 6 is 6.
    So 3-digit numbers divisible by 6 are 102,108,114, ......., 996.
    This is an Arithmetic Progression in which a = 102, d = 6 and l = 996.
    where a = First Number , l = Last Number and d = difference of two consecutive numbers.
    Let the number of terms be n. So Last term = tn
    Then tn = 996
    Use the formula for n term of Arithmetic Progression.

    Correct Option: B

    First 3-digit number divisible by 6 is 102 and last 3-digit number divisible by 6 is 996.
    Difference between two consecutive numbers divisible by 6 is 6.
    So 3-digit numbers divisible by 6 are 102,108,114, ......., 996.
    This is an Arithmetic Progression in which a = 102, d = 6 and l = 996.
    where a = First Number , l = Last Number and d = difference of two consecutive numbers.
    Let the number of terms be n. So Last term = tn
    Then tn = 996
    Use the formula for n terms of arithmetic progression.
    a + ( n - 1) x d = 996
    102 + (n - 1) x 6 = 996
    6(n - 1) = 894
    (n - 1) = 149
    n = 150
    Numbers of terms = 150

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  1. On March 1st 2016 , sherry saved 1. Everyday starting from March 2nd 2016, he save 1 more than the previous day . Find the first date after March 1st 2016 at the end of which his total savings will be a perfect square.
    1. 17th March 2016
    2. 18th March 2016
    3. 26th March 2016
    4. None of these
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    According to the question,
    Every day adding 1 rs extra to previous day.
    Let us assume after n day, total saving will become perfect square.
    1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 +.......................+ tn.
    Apply the algebra A.P formula,
    sum of total rupees after n days = n(n+1)/2
    Hit and trail method, Put the value of n = 2 , 3 , 4, 5 .... and so on to get the perfect square.

    Correct Option: D

    According to the question,
    Every day adding 1 rs extra to previous day.
    Let us assume after n day, total saving will become perfect square.
    1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 +.......................+ tn.
    Apply the algebra A.P formula,
    sum of total rupees after n days = n(n+1)/2
    Hit and trail method, Put the value of n = 2 , 3 , 4, 5 .... and so on to get the perfect square.
    If n = 2
    n(n+1)/2 = 2 x 3 / 2 = 3 which is not perfect Square.
    If n = 3
    n(n+1)/2 = 3 x 4 / 2 = 6 which is not perfect Square.
    If n = 4
    n(n+1)/2 = 4 x 5 / 2 = 10 which is not perfect Square.
    If n = 5
    n(n+1)/2 = 5 x 6 / 2 = 15 which is not perfect Square.
    If n = 6
    n(n+1)/2 = 6 x 7 / 2 = 21 which is not perfect Square.
    If n = 7
    n(n+1)/2 = 7 x 8 / 2 = 28 which is not perfect Square.
    If n = 8
    n(n+1)/2 = 8 x 9 / 2 = 36 which is perfect Square.

    n(n+1)/2 should be a perfect square . The first value of n when this occurs would be for n = 8. thus , on the 8th of March of the required condition would come true.

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  1. A man arranges to pay off a debt of 3600 in 40 annual installments which form an Arithmetic Progression (A.P). When 30 of the installments are paid, he dies leaving one-third of the debt unpaid . Find the value of the first installment.
    1. 55
    2. 53
    3. 51
    4. 49
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    Let us assume the first installment is a and difference between two consecutive installments is d.
    According to question,
    Sum of 40 Installments = 3600
    S40 = 40/2[ 2a + (40 ?1)d ] = 3600

    Again according to given question,
    Sum of 30 installments = 2400
    S30 = 30/2[ 2a + (30 ?1)d ] = 3600
    Apply the formula Sum of first n terms in an Arithmetic Progression = Sn = n/2[ 2a + (n?1)d ]
    where a = the first term, d = common difference, n = number of terms.

    Correct Option: C

    Let us assume the first installment is a and difference between two consecutive installments is d.
    According to question,
    Sum of 40 Installments = 3600
    Apply the formula Sum of first n terms in an Arithmetic Progression = Sn = n/2[ 2a + (n?1)d ]
    where a = the first term, d = common difference, n = number of terms.

    n/2[ 2a + (n?1)d ] = 3600
    Put the value of a, n and d from question,
    40/2[ 2a + (40 ?1)d ] = 3600
    20[ 2a + 39d ] = 3600
    [ 2a + 39d ] = 3600/20 = 180
    2a + 39d = 180...........................(1)

    Again according to given question,
    After paying the 30 installments the unpaid amount = 1/3(total unpaid amount) = 3600 x 1/3
    After paying the 30 installments the unpaid amount = 1200
    So After paying the 30 installments the paid amount = 3600 - 1200 = 2400
    Sum of 30 installments = 2400
    30/2[ 2a + (30 ?1)d ] = 2400
    [ 2a + (30 ?1)d ] = 2400 x 2/30
    2a + 29d = 80 x 2 = 160
    2a + 29d = 160..........................(2)
    Subtract the Eq. (2) from Eq. (1), we will get
    2a + 39d - 2a - 29d = 180 - 160
    10d = 20
    d = 2
    Put the value of d in Equation (1), we will get
    2a + 39 x 2 = 180
    2a = 180 - 78
    a = 102/2
    a = 51
    The value of first installment = a = 51

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  1. A number 15 is divided into 3 parts which are in Arithmetic Progression (A.P) and the sum of their squares is 83. What will be the smallest number?
    1. 5
    2. 3
    3. 6
    4. 8
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    Let us assume the second number is a and the difference between consecutive numbers is d.
    According to Arithmetic progression,
    First number = a - d
    Second number = a
    Third number = a + d
    According to question,
    Sum of the all three numbers = 15
    a - d + a + a + d = 15
    Again according to given question,
    sum of square of the 3 numbers = 83
    (a - d) 2 + a 2 + (a + d) 2 = 83
    Solve the equation.

    Correct Option: B

    Let us assume the second number is a and the difference between consecutive numbers is d.
    According to Arithmetic progression,
    First number = a - d
    Second number = a
    Third number = a + d
    According to question,
    Sum of the all three numbers = 15
    a - d + a + a + d = 15
    3a = 15
    a = 5
    Again according to given question,
    sum of square of the 3 numbers = 83
    (a - d) 2 + a 2 + (a + d) 2 = 83
    apply the algebra formula
    a 2 + d 2 - 2ad + a 2 + a 2 + d 2 + 2ad = 83
    3a 2 + 2d 2 = 83
    Put the value of a in above equation.
    3 x 5 2 + 2d2 = 83
    3 x 25 + 2d2 = 83
    75 + 2d2 = 83
    2d 2 = 83 - 75
    2d 2 = 8
    d 2 = 8/2
    d 2 = 4
    d = 2
    Put the value of a and d in below equation.
    First number = a - d = 5 - 2 = 3
    Second number = a = 5
    Third number = a + d = 5 + 2 = 7
    The smallest number is 3.

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