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Direction: In each of the following questions, two statements are given followed by two/four conclusions I, II III and IV. You have to consider the two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follow from the given statements.

  1. Statements:
    (a) All peacocks are lions.
    (b) Some tigers are peacocks.
    I. Some lions are not tigers.
    II. All tigers are lions.
    III. Some tigers are lions.
    IV. All peacocks are tigers.
    1. Only conclusion III follows
    2. Only conclusion IV follows
    3. Only conclusion I follows
    4. Only conclusion II follows
Correct Option: A

(i) All peacocks are lions → Universal Affirmative (A-type).
(ii) Some tigers are peacocks → Particular Affirmative (I-type).
(iii) No tiger is a lion → Universal Negative (E-type).
(iv) Some tigers are not lions → Particular Negative (O-type).
Some tigers are peacocks. ↔ All peacocks are lions.
I + A ⇒ I-type of Conclusion. “Some tigers are lions”.
This is Conclusion III.

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