Paragraph Formation


Direction: The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of the sentences from amongst the given choices so as to form a coherent paragraph.

  1. A. Environment Education Unit of Centre for Science and Environment has always been working towards providing easy-to-understand reading material.
    B. Their new publication on this subject is an attempt to lend teachers a helping hand.
    C. It unfolds in two sections: Climate Change: how to make sense of it all, and Natural Resources: how to share and care.
    D. Here, the key issues selected adhere strictly to curriculum guidelines.
    E. However, they are introduced to students not as a paragraph to memorise, but as an activity to do.









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    On arranging the correct paragraph formation as :-
    Note that in the selection of the sequence of sentences a logical connectivity is maintained. This can by further checked by logically arranging the points in your own words. The entire passage summarizes the fact that the Environment Education Unit of Centre for Science and Environment strives to make easy course were (A) helpful not only to students but also to teachers (B) There are two section, one on climate change and the other on natural resources.

    Correct Option: C

    On arranging the correct paragraph formation as :-
    Note that in the selection of the sequence of sentences a logical connectivity is maintained. This can by further checked by logically arranging the points in your own words. The entire passage summarizes the fact that the Environment Education Unit of Centre for Science and Environment strives to make easy course were (A) helpful not only to students but also to teachers (B) There are two section, one on climate change and the other on natural resources. (C) They are based on the curriculum. (D) But they are not meant to be just learnt by heart. The purpose is to introduce them in the form of an activity (E). Hence the correct sequence is A B C D E.


  1. A. A famous Japanese rock garden is at Ryoan-ji in North West Kyoto, Japan.
    B. The rocks of various sizes are arranged on small white pebbles in five groups, each comprising five, two, three, two, and three rocks.
    C. The garden is 30 meters long from East to West and 10 meters from North to South.
    D. The garden contains 15 rocks arranged on the surface of white pebbles in such a manner that visitors can see only 14 of them at once, from whichever angle the garden is viewed.
    E. There are no trees, just 15 irregularly shaped rocks of varying sizes, some surrounded by moss, arranged in a bed of white gravel/sand that is raked every day.









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    The passage is about the famous rock garden Ryoan-ji in Japan (A). The dimensions of the garden are then given (30 m long from East to West and 10 m from North to South). (C) There is a description of the garden........................................................

    Correct Option: A

    The passage is about the famous rock garden Ryoan-ji in Japan (A). The dimensions of the garden are then given (30 m long from East to West and 10 m from North to South). (C) There is a description of the garden. It has no trees only 15 irregularly shaped rocks in a specific arrangement (E). Further details of the rocks arrangement are give rocks (B) The interesting part is that only 14 can be viewed at a time. (D) The description gets more detailed as we move along. It ends with a telling conclusion.



Direction: In each question, there are five sentences. The sentence labelled A is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled B, C, D and E, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

  1. A. According to materialists, the universe was eternal, and therefore, there was no purpose or special creation in it.
    B. Claiming that everything came into being as the result of unconscious atoms assembling at random, they believed that no matter how much complexity, balance and magnificent regularity was exhibited by the external world, these were still the result of purposeless coincidences.
    C. Materialists imagined that all the balances, equilibrium, harmony and order in the universe were solely the results of chance.
    D. Since materialism rejected the concepts of purpose and creation to the universe, it also denied the existence of a Creator.
    E. Materialist minds had held such preconceptions ever since the days of Ancient Greece.









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    Statement A ends with the idea of ‘no special creation’. According to the options, sentence C, D or E follows. Sentence D adds another dimension to the given information by stating that ‘it also denied the existence of a Creator’. This point has not been elaborated anywhere so it cannot follow any other statement. Sentence E mentions ‘preconceptions’ whereas only one idea has been mentioned so far. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

    Correct Option: A

    Statement A ends with the idea of ‘no special creation’. According to the options, sentence C, D or E follows. Sentence D adds another dimension to the given information by stating that ‘it also denied the existence of a Creator’. This point has not been elaborated anywhere so it cannot follow any other statement. Sentence E mentions ‘preconceptions’ whereas only one idea has been mentioned so far. Sentence C elaborates the information given in A. ‘The results of chance’ in C can be associated with ‘the result of purposeless coincidences’ in B. So, CB is a mandatory pair given in (a). The plural ‘preconceptions’ mentioned in E forms a link here and the paragraph ends with sentence D that provides an additional idea of ‘non-existence of a creator’. Hence, (a) becomes the correct answer choice.


  1. A. Given the atrocities perpetrated with impunity by state forces, it is a moral imperative that the negotiations — scheduled to resume at the United Nations this month — on a comprehensive treaty to regulate the sale of conventional arms should succeed.
    B. Its recent report calls on countries to codify the socalled “golden rule” — not to allow the transfer of arms to states where there is a threat of grave abuses of human rights and humanitarian law.
    C. Every year, over 300,000 people are killed by conventional weapons and millions injured, forcibly displaced, and bereaved because of armed violence, according to Amnesty International.
    D. The consensus that has emerged, since the 2006 Resolution for a global pact, on underwriting provisions related to protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the proposed treaty is also a tacit recognition of the brutalities committed systematically against innocent civilians in the conflict zones.
    E. However, opposition by the United States, Russia, China and India, besides others, to link the trade in arms to the observance of human rights and humanitarian law by recipient countries threatens to block progress.









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    E will follow the introductory statement A because it talks about ‘the negotiations ...’ and E tells about the threats to its ‘progress ...’. C B is the mandatory pair ..................................

    Correct Option: D

    E will follow the introductory statement A because it talks about ‘the negotiations ...’ and E tells about the threats to its ‘progress ...’. C B is the mandatory pair since C tells us as to what Amnesty International says and B elaborates ‘its recent report’.



  1. A. It’s called My Beautiful Mommy, and it’s a children’s book published in the US next week. That all sounds regular and above board, you think, until I tell you why mommy is so beautiful - it’s because she has had extensive plastic surgery.
    B. What do I know of the ways in which one might mess up one’s child? Nothing at all.
    C. But some might say the book, by Florida plastic surgeon Dr Michael Salzhauer, and written for four to seven year old, is a step too far.
    D. You can see why a book might be a good way to tackle the issue of plastic surgery with kids, since how do you do it on your own?
    E. Reconstructive surgery, you might call it, after the natural disaster - sorry, precious and awe-inspiring miracle - that is having a child. And the beauty is, if you have a tummy tuck and breast implants in one hit, you get a bonanza two-for-one offer on the therapy your child might need in the future. Please don’t try to redeem this offer, I am just being supercilious.









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    According to the given options, sentence B, D or E follows. The given sentence A mentions ‘extensive plastic surgery’; sentence B refers to messing up one’s child, this idea does not follow; sentence D might seem like a good choice but a careful reading reveals that AE is a mandatory pair. In E, ‘reconstructive surgery, you might call it’; the ‘it’ refers to the ‘plastic surgery’ mentioned in A............................................................................................................................................................

    Correct Option: D

    According to the given options, sentence B, D or E follows. The given sentence A mentions ‘extensive plastic surgery’; sentence B refers to messing up one’s child, this idea does not follow; sentence D might seem like a good choice but a careful reading reveals that AE is a mandatory pair. In E, ‘reconstructive surgery, you might call it’; the ‘it’ refers to the ‘plastic surgery’ mentioned in A. The first person used in the last part of E is continued in B. DC forms a mandatory pair, the ‘but’ used in C hints that it should follow D. Hence, option (d).