S1: Pope Francis claims that the environment cannot be saved by market forces alone and requires a spiritual transformation of the society.
(i) But the scepticism about market-based solutions to climate change is rooted in misunderstanding.
(ii) The approach puts a price on carbon, on that businesses and consumers are held responsible for the environmental consequences of their actions.
(iii) Thus, this approach adopts 'polluters pay' principle, which the pope also endorses.
(iv) A market-based approach to controlling green-house gas emission-through carbon taxes or tradable emissions permits - does,in fact, reflect moral conviction.
S6: However, this should not be constructed as 'prayers pollute', that is, 'if you pay can pollute'.