What is the full form of TNT?

  1. What is the full form of TNT?
  1. The full form of TNT is Trinitrotoluene.TNT is yellow strong periodically utilized as a reagent in substance combination, yet it is most popular as an explosive substance with smooth handling properties.TNT is effectively dangerous in light of the fact that it can abandon strong to hot extending gases quickly. 2 Moles of strong TNT change almost into 15 moles of hot gas, including little carbon Powder that brings the blast attributes.

    Properties of TNT

    1. Chemical formula-C6H2(NO2)3CH3

    2. TNT also called as-2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluol.

    3. Molar mass-227.132 g·mol-1

    4. Appearance-Solid has a pale yellow colour

    5. Density-1.654 g/cm3

    6. Melting and boiling point-80.35 °C or 240.0 °C

    7. Boiling point-240.0 °C (464.0 °F; 513.1 K) (decomposes)

    8. Solubility in water-0.13 g/L (20 °C)

    A brief history of TNT

    TNT was first prepared by a German chemist Julius Wilbrand in 1863.

    Later German chemist, CarlHaussermann, discovered the explosive nature of TNT

    In 1902, TNT was introduced by the German Army as a filling for artillery shells.

    In 1907 The British Army used lyddite-filed shells, and it substituted lyddite with TNT

    Preparation method of TNT

    In industries, the production of TNT involves three steps:

    Step 1: TNT is nitrated with a mixture of sulfuric acid and nitric acid which formed MNT (mono nitro toluene).

    Step2: MNT is separated and nitrated to dinitrotoluene (DNT)

    Step3: Development of TNT from DNT by nitration process within the sight of oleum and anhydrous nitric corrosive.

    Application of TNT

    1.TNT used as explosives for military, industrial, and mining applications.

    2. TNT is a perfect chemical explosive for demolitions.

    3. TNT is also used to produce charge transfer salt.

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