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  1. In Shivaji’s Council of Ministers the Prime Minister was called
    1. Peshwa
    2. Sachiv
    3. Mantri
    4. Samanta
Correct Option: A

A Peshwa was the titular equivalent of a modern Prime Minister. Emperor Shivaji created the Peshwa designation in order to more effectively delegate administrative duties during the growth of the Maratha Empire. The word Peshwa has roots in the Persian language meaning ‘foremost’. After the coronation of Shivaji in 1674, he appointed Moropant Trimbak Pingle as the first Peshwa.

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