First Round Table Conference

Between November 1930 and January 1931, London hosted the first Round Table Conference.

This was the first conference that the British and Indians organized on an equal status.

The conference was boycotted by Congress and a few notable business leaders, but many other Indian groups were present.

Rettamalai Srinivasan and B.R. Ambedkar represented the Depressed Classes.

Narendra Nath Law, Bhupendra Nath Mitra, C.P. Ramaswami Iyer, and M. Ramachandra Rao all attended on behalf of the Indian government.


Insignificant progress was made at the conference. It was generally accepted that India would eventually become a federation, that safeguards would be put in place for the defense and financial sectors, and that other department would be transferred.

However, there was little action taken to put these suggestions into practice, and in India, civil disobedience continued to exist.

The British government accepted that any discussion about India's future constitutional government actually needed the participation of the Indian National Congress.