The Gandhian Era

  1. After returning from South Africa, Gandhiji launched his first successful Satyagraha in
    1. Champaran
    2. Chauri Chaura
    3. Bardoli
    4. Dandi
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    Gandhiji launched his first successful Satyagraha in Champaran after returning from South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi began his experiments with Satyagraha against the oppressive European indigo planters at Champaran in Bihar in 1917.

    Correct Option: A

    Gandhiji launched his first successful Satyagraha in Champaran after returning from South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi began his experiments with Satyagraha against the oppressive European indigo planters at Champaran in Bihar in 1917.

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  1. The only session of the Indian National Congress which was presided over by Mahatma Gandhi was
    1. Amarvati
    2. Belgaum
    3. Karachi
    4. Nagpur
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    The only session of the Indian National Congress presidised by Mahatama Gandhi was in Belgaum. The town had the honour of hosting the All India 39th Congress session in 1924, that was the only session which was presided over by Mahatma Gandhi, and the only session held in Karnataka. 'Veersoudha' is a monument built in memory of this session.

    Correct Option: B

    The only session of the Indian National Congress presidised by Mahatama Gandhi was in Belgaum. The town had the honour of hosting the All India 39th Congress session in 1924, that was the only session which was presided over by Mahatma Gandhi, and the only session held in Karnataka. 'Veersoudha' is a monument built in memory of this session.

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  1. The first mass movement started by Mahatma Gandhi was
    1. Non-cooperation Movement
    2. Salt Movement
    3. Quit India Movement
    4. Indigo Movement
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    The first mass movement started by Mahatma Gandhi was Non-cooperation Movement. Mahatma Gandhi announced his plan to begin Non-Cooperation with the government as a sequel to the Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the Khilafat Movement. It was approved by the Indian National Congress at the Nagpur session in December, 1920. The movement began with Mahatma Gandhi renouncing the titles, which were given by the British. Other leaders and influential persons also followed him by surrendering their honorary posts and titles. Students came out of the government educational institutions. National schools such as the Kashi Vidyapeeth, the Bihar Vidyapeeth and the Jamia Millia Islamia were set up. All the prominent leaders of the country gave up their lucrative legal practice. Legislatures were boycotted. No leader of the Congress came forward to contest the elections for the Legislatures.

    Correct Option: A

    The first mass movement started by Mahatma Gandhi was Non-cooperation Movement. Mahatma Gandhi announced his plan to begin Non-Cooperation with the government as a sequel to the Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the Khilafat Movement. It was approved by the Indian National Congress at the Nagpur session in December, 1920. The movement began with Mahatma Gandhi renouncing the titles, which were given by the British. Other leaders and influential persons also followed him by surrendering their honorary posts and titles. Students came out of the government educational institutions. National schools such as the Kashi Vidyapeeth, the Bihar Vidyapeeth and the Jamia Millia Islamia were set up. All the prominent leaders of the country gave up their lucrative legal practice. Legislatures were boycotted. No leader of the Congress came forward to contest the elections for the Legislatures.

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  1. In which of the following sessions of the Indian National Congress, did Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi participate for the first time?
    1. Calcutta Session 1901
    2. Banaras Session 1905
    3. Surat Session 1907
    4. Lucknow Session 1916
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    In the Calcutta Session 1901 of the Indian National Congress, Mohan Das Karmachand Gandhi participated for the first time. In 1901, Gandhi reached India to attend the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress and had the satisfaction of seeing his resolution on South Africa pass with acclamation.

    Correct Option: A

    In the Calcutta Session 1901 of the Indian National Congress, Mohan Das Karmachand Gandhi participated for the first time. In 1901, Gandhi reached India to attend the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress and had the satisfaction of seeing his resolution on South Africa pass with acclamation.

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  1. In which of the following movements, did Mahatma Gandhi make the first use of hunger strike as a weapon?
    1. Non-cooperation Movement
    2. Rowlatt Satyagraha
    3. Ahmedabad Strike
    4. Bardoli Satyagraha
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    In the Ahmedabad strike, Mahatma Gandhi made his first use of hunger strike as a weapon. In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi intervened in a dispute between the workers and mill-owners of Ahmedabad . He advised the workers to go on strike and to demand a 35 per cent increase in wages. But he insisted that the workers should not use violence against the employers during the strike.

    Correct Option: C

    In the Ahmedabad strike, Mahatma Gandhi made his first use of hunger strike as a weapon. In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi intervened in a dispute between the workers and mill-owners of Ahmedabad . He advised the workers to go on strike and to demand a 35 per cent increase in wages. But he insisted that the workers should not use violence against the employers during the strike.

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