The Advent of the Europeans

  1. In 1600, the charter to the English East India Company for monopoly of eastern trade for 15 years was given by
    1. Queen Victoria
    2. Queen Elizabeth I
    3. James Princep
    4. Oliver Crownwell
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    The charter to the English East India Company for monopoly of eastern trade for 15 years was given by Queen Elizabeth I in 1600. Initially, the Company struggled in the spice trade due to the competition from the already well-established Dutch East India Company. The company opened a factory in Bantam on the first voyage and imports of pepper from Java were an important part of the company's trade for twenty years. The factory in Bantam was closed in 1683. During this time, ships belonging to the company arriving in India docked at Surat, which was established as a trade transit point in 1608.

    Correct Option: B

    The charter to the English East India Company for monopoly of eastern trade for 15 years was given by Queen Elizabeth I in 1600. Initially, the Company struggled in the spice trade due to the competition from the already well-established Dutch East India Company. The company opened a factory in Bantam on the first voyage and imports of pepper from Java were an important part of the company's trade for twenty years. The factory in Bantam was closed in 1683. During this time, ships belonging to the company arriving in India docked at Surat, which was established as a trade transit point in 1608.

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  1. Which one of the following was the first English ship that came to India?
    1. Elizabeth
    2. Titanic
    3. Red Dragon
    4. Mayflower
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    Red Dragon was the first English ship that came to India. The Red Dragon fought the Portuguese at the Battle. of Swally in 1612, and made several voyages to the East Indies.

    Correct Option: C

    Red Dragon was the first English ship that came to India. The Red Dragon fought the Portuguese at the Battle. of Swally in 1612, and made several voyages to the East Indies.

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  1. Who were the fist European to set up sea trade centres in India?
    1. The Portuguese
    2. The French
    3. The English
    4. The Dutch
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    The Portuguese were the fist Europeans to set up Sea trade centres in India. The first successful voyage to India was by Vasco da Gama in 1498, when he arrived in Calicut, now in Kerala. The colonial era in India began in 1502, when the Portuguese empire established the first European trading centre at Kollam, Kerala.

    Correct Option: A

    The Portuguese were the fist Europeans to set up Sea trade centres in India. The first successful voyage to India was by Vasco da Gama in 1498, when he arrived in Calicut, now in Kerala. The colonial era in India began in 1502, when the Portuguese empire established the first European trading centre at Kollam, Kerala.

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  1. Who was the first Portuguese Viceroy in India?
    1. Vasco da Gama
    2. Diaz
    3. Francisco de Almeida
    4. Albuquerque
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    Francisco de Almeida was the first Portuguese Viceroy in India. In 1505, the King of Portugal appointed Dom Francisco de Almeida as the first Portuguese viceroy in India, followed in 1509 by Dom Afonso de Albuquerque. In 1510, Albuquerque conquered the city of Goa, which had been controlled by Muslims.

    Correct Option: C

    Francisco de Almeida was the first Portuguese Viceroy in India. In 1505, the King of Portugal appointed Dom Francisco de Almeida as the first Portuguese viceroy in India, followed in 1509 by Dom Afonso de Albuquerque. In 1510, Albuquerque conquered the city of Goa, which had been controlled by Muslims.

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  1. Which one of the following factories in Bengal was established by Portuguese?
    1. Kasim Bazar
    2. Chinsura
    3. Hoggly
    4. Srirampur
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    The factory of Hoogly in Bengal was established by Portuguese.

    Correct Option: C

    The factory of Hoogly in Bengal was established by Portuguese.

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